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Consultation Facilitator
on Fri, March 1, 2013 at 06.31 pm
Addressing Inequalities

Online consultation for a disability inclusive development agenda towards 2015 & beyond


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Thank you
Thank you for your interest in the online consultation to help with preparation of the HLMDD outcome document for the High-level Meeting on Disability and Development (HLMDD).  The consultation took place over the period of one month, between 8 March and 5 April, 2013.  Both UN DESA and UNICEF have been pleased and impressed with the discussion and many useful insights offered from around the world.  Over 400 posts were received from over 60 countries.  Full details of participation rates will be shared here next week.  Over the coming weeks the moderators will review all contributions and synthesize them into a final report.  When completed, the report will be available on this website, and will be carried forward to the HLMDD itself.  Once again, thank you for your interest and your participation.

About the ConsultationUNHLM_Disability_Logo_EN
As part of the preparatory process for the UN High-level Meeting on disability and development, an online consultation was held from 8 March - 5 April. In many countries gains made on the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) have not been successful in reaching marginalized populations, including persons with disabilities.  This clearly highlights the importance of taking inequality, discrimination and social exclusion more effectively into account both in the still ongoing efforts to accelerate and expand progress on the MDGs and in the definition of the new development framework that will succeed the MDGs post-2015. 

On 23 September 2013 the UN General Assembly will hold a High-level Meeting on disability and development, with the overarching theme “The way forward: a disability inclusive development agenda towards 2015 and beyond”, at UN Headquarters in New York.   

To ensure that the post-2015 agenda is inclusive of disabilities, the UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs in collaboration with UNICEF held an online, moderated consultation to gather views from a broad range of stakeholders on how to include disability in the post-2015 development framework, in order to inform the High-level Meeting.

Building on the online discussion on ‘Addressing Inequalities and Persons with Disabilities in the Post-2015 development agenda’, held on this site in November (read the summary report here) these consultations aimed to look more deeply at the particular challenges faced in different regions, and identify the specific measures and actions to be taken by different stakeholders to promote a disability-inclusive society.

Simultaneous consultations took place in ArabicChinese, English, SpanishFrench, Russian and Portuguese. The site is compatible with screen readers, however, if you are unable to access the site, responses were accepted by email.  Please note that the forum is moderated, therefore posts do not appear immediately but are posted within twenty-four hours.

About the Moderators

The recommendations emerging from your contributions will be incorporated into a report on the consultations to inform the outcome document for the UN High-Level Meeting on Disability and Development (HLMDD), in New York on 23 September 2013.

The consultation aimed to be as broad and open as possible, in order to enable a multitude of voices to be heard from academia, media, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), civil society, private sector, governments and the UN System.

Please or to post a comment.
Bethany DONITHORN from
Wed, April 10, 2013 at 08.30 pm
Thank you very much for your participation in this online consultation, which took place over the period of one month, between 8 March and 5 April, 2013. The consultation is now closed. The moderators are currently reviewing all contributions and synthesizing them into a final report, which will be posted on this website in the coming weeks. Once again, thank you for your interest and your participation.
Pricilla Nakyazze from
Sun, April 7, 2013 at 02.21 pm
In Uganda there has been some effort to include the disabled in economical activity. Even if hawkers where banned from selling merchandise on the road side those with disability have been permitted to continue operating there businesses . Still the biggest number of disabled people are beggars they seat on the streets each morning and that's there sole source of income relying on people's generosity. There a few schools for the deaf but many parents see no need to send severely disabled children to school so illiteracy levels are at 90 percent.

Shocking is the fact that many disabled people have children out of wedlock as a result of rape and sex abuse . Low self esteem, lack of confidance and no motivation for life affects theses people as they look at themselves as out casts in society.

There is need for sensitization of the public and parents. Some forms of disability can be prevented like polio and the government of Uganda usually has drives to urge parents to take there children for immunization. There are some diseases that lead to blindness these should be treated quickly. Most of these drugs are free at big referral hospitals the problem is ignorance of the harm of not taking the necessary measures.

Stigma and alienation should be talked about and shunned among those who are not disabled via the media,any congregations like churches and schools among others anyone can end up disabled. There should be a fund to help out disabled people with family coming first in assisting the affected.
Sreerupa Mitra from
Fri, April 5, 2013 at 07.43 pm

By the Education Taskforce-Global Partnership on Children with Disabilities (co-led by UNICEF-UNESCO)

Children with disabilities have historically been among the most excluded from education. It is estimated that there are nearly 93-150 million children with disabilities in the world.[1]According to broad estimates, they make up nearly one-third of all out of school children[2] and further an increasing number of siblings and children of persons with disabilities, especially girls, are unable to participate in school due to caregiving responsibilities.[3] Also, drop-out and non-completion of primary education and failure to transfer to secondary schooling disproportionately impacts on children with disabilities.[4] Segregated or special education systems have traditionally constituted education provisioning for children with disabilities. However, they are costly and largely urban centric denying educational and social inclusion opportunities to the majority of children with disabilities in rural and semi-urban areas, and have generally been less effective than properly planned inclusive education.[5]

Therefore, the creation of inclusive education systems is critical for achieving universal education goals and realizing the human rights of children with disabilities. Article 24 of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities mandates the provision of education to children with disabilities on an equal basis with other children, within an inclusive education system. Article 23 of the Convention on the Rights of the Child also articulates the right of children with disabilities to assistance to ensure their access to education in a manner that promotes their social inclusion. Further, the inclusion of children with disabilities in regular schools, at all levels including pre-primary, is an important first-step for building an inclusive society.

“Sixty per cent of children with special educational needs can be educated with no adaptations, and as many as 80-90 per cent can be educated in regular schools with minor adaptations.”[6]A growing body of evidence shows inclusive schools as being more cost effective, and academically and socially effective, than special schools.[7]An OECD report estimated average costs of segregated placements to be 7 to 9 times higher than placement for children with disabilities in general education classrooms.[8]More recent OECD research has also found that special education per-capita costs were around 2.5 times that of regular education, falling to 2 times in inclusive schools.[9] Investing in inclusive education also makes financial sense because it can improve learning for all children by promoting child-centered pedagogies and school practices. Further, studies on human capital formation affirm that there is a loss of GDP in low-income countries as a result of lack of education of persons with disabilities and their consequent non-participation in the economic workforce. For example, in Bangladesh it was estimated that the loss of income from a lack of schooling and employment of persons with disabilities and their caregivers was US$ 1.2 billion annually, or 1.7% of gross domestic product.[10]

Successful creation of an inclusive education system entails effective participation of children with disabilities, their parents and communities in school governance. Parents of children with disabilities can play a critical role in holding schools and education authorities to account- calling for improved legislative and monitoring frameworks and offering practical solutions and thereby also ensuring more effective use of school finances. “Community participation has been seen as generally beneficial to school management, school development, the supervision of students and improved community attitudes. These all contribute to increased access and improved quality education.”[11]Some recent accounts from low-income countries in Africa demonstrate that strong community involvement in the development of inclusive education was the catalyst that made it successful.[12]


1. Accessibility and universal design criteria should be mandatory for any design, construction or retrofitting of educational infrastructure- New barriers should not be built. For schools that are not accessible, a time bound plan should be prepared for making the necessary infrastructural improvements. Continuing funding should be contingent upon completion of improvements. The World Bank states that the cost of making schools accessible comprises only 1% of the total construction cost[13]; retrofitting is much more costly.

2. Teacher preparation programmes must include education of children with disabilities as an integral part and promote the instruction of ALL students (including those with disabilities), both their general and specific needs in neighbourhood/regular schools. Studies have shown that teacher quality is the single most important within-school factor in influencing learning outcomes.[14] Therefore, developing teacher capacity is the key to successful inclusion of children with disabilities. There needs to be strong investment and planned development in each country of their pre-service, in-service, advanced, headteacher and education lectures in higher education. This needs to be both around the general principles and pedagogy of including children with disabilities and the impairment specific accommodations and support so children with disabilities can access education e.g. Braille, sign language, alternative and augmented communication, aids, appliances and specific access requirements.

3. Collect data to fill gaps and monitor progress on education of children with disabilities. Global agreements regarding definitions and measures of what constitutes quality of education and what constitutes disability have been difficult to reach. While it may be difficult to report on the number of children with disabilities given differences in classification and assessment, it might be more constructive to report on the level of functioning of children with disabilities within their own environments, and their level of participation within and outside of education. By identifying and analyzing the extent to which a child (with or without impairments) is able to function within given environments and their levels of participation; barriers, solutions and opportunities can be identified, leading to services and the collection of information regarding services.

4. Organize Disability Equality Training, delivered by Disabled People’s Organisations (DPOs) for all those involved with education, is a vital component that needs to be funded to challenge the prevailing negative stereotypes and attitudes. This should be linked with public awareness campaigns in the media on the value of including children with disabilities in regular education.

5. Ensure school governance systems include provisions for effective participation of children with disabilities, their parents, DPOs and communities through the creation of inclusive student councils, village education committees and parent-teacher associations.

6. The formulation of the post-2015 Education Goal must embody the inclusion of children with disabilities in general education acquiring quality learning. Targets and indicators must specifically reflect and measure this.


[1] World Health Organization (2011) World Report on Disability. Geneva: WHO/World Bank
[2]J. Balescut and K. Eklindh, “Historical perspective on education for persons with disabilities” (2006), quoted in the UNESCO Education for All Global Monitoring Report 2007.
[4]World Report on Disability (2011). World Bank (2007) Disability in India: From commitments to outcomes. Washington: World Bank,Filmer, D. (2008). ‘Disability, poverty, and schooling in developing countries: Results from 14 household surveys’. The World Bank Economic Review.
[5]Mitchell, D(2010). Education that Fits: Review of international trends in the education of students with special educational needs. Christchurch: University of Canterbury.
[6] UNESCO, Policy Guidelines for Inclusion, 2009; Jonsson and Wiman Education, Poverty and Disability in Developing Countries, 2001; Social Analysis and Disability: A Guidance Note Incorporating Disability-Inclusive Development into Bank-Supported Projects 2007, Inclusive Education: Where there are few resources, 2008.
[7]1993 World Bank Development Report, as reported in Robert Metts, Issues, Trends, and Recommendations for the World Bank, Social Protection Discussion Paper, N 7 Washington, World Bank 2000. Also OECD. 1994. The Integration of Disabled Children into Mainstream Education: Ambitions, Theories and Practices.OEC,1994, Paris; OECD, 2000. Special Needs Education Statistics and Indicators. Paris: OECD; O’Toole &McConkey (1995) Innovations in Developing Countries for People with Disabilities quoted in UNICEF (2012) The Right of Children with Disabilities to Education: A Rights-Based approach to Inclusive Education, Position Paper.
[8]OECD 1999.Inclusive Education at Work: Students with Disabilities in Mainstream Schools.Paris
[9] Evans P, Facts and Challenges of Inclusive Education, in Include, 1/2008, Inclusion Europe, 2008, Brussels quoted in UNICEF (2012) The Right of Children with Disabilities to Education: A Rights-Based approach to Inclusive Education, Position Paper
[10] World Health Organization (2011) World Report on Disability. Geneva: WHO/World Bank
[11] Academy for Educational Development, (2002); De Grauweet al., 2005 quoted in Dunne et al 2007 School Participation, Local Governance and Community Participation: Understanding Access. University of Sussex, UK
[12] Maringa, LMc Conkey, R& Myezwa, H (2013) Introducing Inclusive Education in Low Income Countries. Norway, Atlas Alliance.
[13] Steinfeld, E (2005) Education for All: The Cost of Accessibility. World Bank Education Notes.
[14]European Commission (2008) Improving Competences for the 21st Century: An agenda for European cooperation on schools.
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Jamie Rau from
Fri, April 5, 2013 at 07.26 pm
While there are laws in the United States that mandate that federal information be accessible for all, including information technology (IT) such as websites, lack of prioritization has led to lax implementation and enforcement. The accessibility of federal websites and 508 compliance continue to challenge federal agencies. I see a need for further research and reporting on four specific fronts. Prioritization and implementation of Section 508 of the Rehabilitation Act - updated in 1998 to address daily use of technology in the US such as web accessibility compliance - will not occur for staff and users with disabilities until the following issues are addressed:

1) Appropriate and consistent enforcement measures for federal agencies must be combined with awards for innovative solutions on the browser and hardware side to motivate effective and efficient compliance. I would suggest a penalty of blocking high-traffic federal websites if they are not accessible as a specific role of the Section 508 divisions of the General Service Administration (GSA), Office of Management and Budget (OMB), and Department of Justice (DOJ), who are already mandated by law to be overseeing this compliance. To ensure adequate training for IT staff in the federal government, a full course of ongoing accessibility training led by teachers who use adaptive technology regularly, to instigate developers to use AT in the IT design phase and develop effective collaborative tools.

2) Ongoing monitoring mechanisms must be established by the specific staff members at the GSA, OMB, and DoJ as crucial responsibilities of 508 Officers to keep up with changing IT and websites, with noncompliance directly associated with performance reviews. Integrating regular training and awareness mechanisms for staff at all agencies, starting with those in IT, must unfortunately be coupled with an enforcement measure that has either a monetary or legal cost for noncompliance, otherwise website and other IT accessibility will continue to be an afterthought addressed in retrospect rather than within the design process.

3) Greater collaboration must be solidified between federal IT developers and end users with accessibility needs across agencies, shifting the focus toward effective IT with universal design as an end goal. To have effective strategies for creating accessible websites, there must be a myriad use of tools, monitored not just through enforcement but also with cross-agency partnership, supportive collaboration from end users who have accessibility needs, and rewards for effective and efficient voluntary compliance.

4) Greater involvement of federal civil rights offices partnered with advocacy groups will help shift federal agency perspectives on 508 compliance toward inclusion and away from simply technical conformance. For far too long, inclusion and segregation have been words used in terms of ethnic and gender issues in human rights and only lightly applied to the disabled community, both in the United States and abroad. Yet the lack of prioritization seen through lax 508 policy implementation discriminates egregiously against people with disabilities, who continue to be among the most marginalized minority here in the United States. Section 508 must be discussed first and foremost as a human rights law, powerful enough to remove the barriers in access that the physical world may not yet be able to do. The universality of accessible IT for people with disabilities impacts all people for the greater good.

Universality is what the internet and technological advancements were intended for.
Catherine Sykes from
Fri, April 5, 2013 at 03.35 pm
The millennium development goals can never be fulfilled until people with disabilities, 15% of the world’s population, are included in all spheres of life on an equal basis with others.
The CHALLENGES for people with disabilities are numerous but include:
• attaining the same level of health through access to services, generic as well as specialist disability services,
• having the same opportunities for education, employment and economic prosperity as other members of a population;
• having the same degree of independence and choices in the way they live their lives.
WHAT works: Movement is important to all that people do in their usual daily lives. The evidence is overwhelming that physical activity and exercise of sufficient intensity and matched to the abilities of the person improves function. Physical therapists work in partnership with individuals and groups and with other health professions helps people move and stay well. Physical therapy can be used for the recovery from injury or disease, to prevent disability and in the management of noncommunicable and long-term conditions such as such as respiratory and neurological conditions.
IDEAS: Service delivery models which enable people with disabilities to access the services they need when they need them allow individuals to take control of their own lives, keep well and prevent disability. Direct access to physical therapy has been shown to reduce the costs to health systems, reduce the number of attendances, and by doing so increase the satisfaction of people receiving services and the health professionals.
However there is a shortage of physical therapists in many countries and information gathered by WCPT from its member organisations illustrates the extent of the shortage with the physical therapist to population ratio ranges from a low of 0.002 per 1,000 to 2.8. Most countries, even some high income countries have a ratio are in the range of 0.6 to 1.0. Where the ratio is less than 0.5:1000 the countries are all low income.
WCPT’s ROLE is to support the development of the profession, such that people and populations whatever their level of functioning can access high quality, safe and effective services of a physical therapist. To this end WCPT collects data, offers expertise and produces policies, standards and guidelines to support physical therapist practice, education and research
Padam Pariyar from
Fri, April 5, 2013 at 11.00 am
Disability shouldn't be understood as a technical and difficult development issue first. It can be addressed through regular development actions and make inclusive society. The current development actions such as literacy campaign, capacity building, income generation activities, formation of development mechanisms etc. should ensure the participation of persons with disabilities where they won't be just passive listener but also can contribute to make those actions successful and get respected by utilizing their knowledge and skills. In order to do so, A simple understanding and realization of development workers matter. If any management level development actor wants to address some of the issues of people with disabilities, we can easily imagine how much people with disabilities will be mainstreamed and get benefited and live better life. Thus, the Development organizations(NGOs/INGOs) working on various development issues must realize and orient their staffs and volunteers about the need and rights of persons with disabilities that will help and motivate to work on disability issues. If the all the Development actors/organization started working for people with disabilities and with DPOs, a tremendous change will appear in the society. Respecting the inclusive spirit of UNCRPD, All those organization need to be advocated to mainstream disability issues in their work and organization.

Padam Pariyar, Nepal
Grace Antwi-Atsu from
Fri, April 5, 2013 at 10.44 am
Among other things, governments need to develop high political will and move away from political pronouncements and lips service to a proactive attitude towards inclusive development of disability Governments need to invest in the development of organizations of persons with disabilities to enable them play their expected roles adequately.
. International organizations particularly not focusing on disability embrace disability as a cross cutting issue. Those focusing on disability will serve as resource persons to support disability inclusion with strong referral systems and coordination developed.
In Addition to the above, CSOs, such as Disabled Peoples’ Organization need to strengthen their organizations. Key to this process is the fundamental need of building confidence of their members and other skill development initiatives. Some of their roles have been outlined above. Other CSOs as expressed above would include disability as a cross cutting issue.
Development agencies role is critical. Disability need to be embedded in all their policies and programme implementation with strong monitoring mechanisms. With this should be emphasized in all partnerships especially state partners to ensure effective disability inclusive programming. There should be a campaign on ‘No effective disability inclusion at all levels, no partnership’.

The private sector’s role include enhancement of accessibility through innovation and standardization Employment and training is key while Corporate Social Responsibility should use a human right approach.
Grace Antwi-Atsu from
Fri, April 5, 2013 at 10.42 am
In broad terms are the development of CRPD and CBR Strategy and the various steps for implementation.
Some Specific examples in developing countries are policy development and programming that are focused on developing the capacity of different actors-Persons with disabilities and their organizations to serve as experts, resource persons, advocates and pressure groups role models, mentors and examples of best practice.

Similarly, raising awareness and building capacity of non-disabled persons in the different levels to open up and create the enabling environment to enhance inclusion of PWDs in inclusive development.
In education of children with disabilities, inclusive education is being embraced alongside residential school approaches to give access and responds to need as pertaining to different groups.
Padam Pariyar from
Fri, April 5, 2013 at 10.40 am
Political and Electoral Participation of Persons with Disabilities need to be promoted in all the developmental process of the community and nation. It helps to make persons with disabilities to enjoy their political rights as equal to others and live dignified life.
Grace Antwi-Atsu from
Fri, April 5, 2013 at 10.36 am
Q. 1. Hello Steve, Catherine and All, I agree with your submissions and will add the following observations.
The other challenge for inclusive development is that society prefers over simplifying or exaggerating issues of disability therefore unable to provide adequate policies and implementation of programmers to address the issues. There is still high level of inequalities that demands two prong approaches to addressing disability:
That disability is a cross cutting issues thus embedding in all development policies and programming as well as a specific disability focused intervention.
The African Youth With Disabilities Network (AYWDN) from
Thu, April 4, 2013 at 01.01 pm
We advocate for a concerted and dedicated effort to discuss Youth with Disability Issues in the Post-2015 development agenda. Further it is our desire to see how much progress has been made to date to address and incorporate Youth with Disability issues in each of the Millennium Development Goals and what plans are being made Post-2015 to ensure that we are working towards achieving the full inclusion and participation of Youth with Disabilities in all areas of community life.
Aaron Mensah from
Sat, March 30, 2013 at 05.55 pm
The issue of disability has to be looked with a deliberate effort to let people in our communities know that disability is not a sickness neither is it inability. People have to be made to know and respect that. I was once at a bank when a bank manager of the particular bank drove and parked his car right at the space provided by the bank to aid access to the bank by persons with disability. If a bank manager who is considered to be knowledgeable enough can do this, what then will the illiterate do? It is about time the global disability network join hand to help fight and educate people that treatment meted out to persons with disability are not good and for that matter eschewed.
giorgio cinciripini from
Fri, March 29, 2013 at 10.19 pm
- a person with a functional impairment is to contact the municipality’s special civil servant for disability issues, as well as the various handicap organizations and authorities,

to achieve accessability measures of various types with the sole aim to have an equal life in a society based on equality (according to the The UN 22 Standard Rules on the Equalization of Opportunities for People with Disabilities - since 2007 upgraded into The UN Convention on Human Rights for Persons with Functional Impairments.

ICD-10 classification: Other general symptoms and signs
R68.8 Other specified general symptoms and signs

- the electrohypersensitivity is one of the result of devastating increase of articifial electromagntic fields of the Globe .
- the economic interests of the industry and the telecommications and phone companies is continuosly increase again this pollution , last is the wifi in the building and also outise , in the streets
- these persons are not protected and supported by the law
- the electrohypersensibles organizations are completely ignored by the Bodies that should guarantee The UN Convention on Human Rights for Persons with Functional Impairments.
M. Hertz from
Thu, March 28, 2013 at 06.43 pm
Thank you for this opportunity to speak out on the important issue of disability inclusive development.

Three years ago, I was injured by the radiation emissions from a "smart" electric utility meter, which had been installed on my home in New York State, by the local electric utility company. Eventually, the utility company removed that meter and replaced it with an analog meter, which helped me, however I was left with radio frequency radiation sickness (RFRS). This has happened to many people wherever "smart" meters are being installed. This means that wireless RF radiation emitting wireless equipment makes us sick. For more information, please see-

I can no longer participate in society as I once did and much of my time now must be spent alone and in isolation. When I go to my local library or food shopping I become ill from the unchecked exposure levels of RF radiation spewing from Wi-Fi routers, cell towers, cell phones and smart meters. I can no longer travel because of the extreme levels of RF radiation everywhere.

There are many powerful entities that hope RFRS will be dismissed but the sooner RFRS is recognized, the sooner this debilitating illness will be addressed.

RFRS is affecting untold numbers of innocent people around the world.
For more information, please see -

RFRS must be recognized and addressed as a severe and debilitating illness. It would be a tremendous benefit to all of the people on earth if the U.N. encouraged countries to adopt accommodations for people with RFRS.

In addition, I ask that the United Nations, warn all countries about the dangers of "smart" meters. The giant corporations, who invested billions of dollars in faulty "smart" meter technology, are fully aware of the opposition building in the U.S. and elsewhere in the world, against the use of "smart" meters. These corporations are now going to focus on selling "smart" meters to countries who do not know about this problem.

Thank you.
Michele Hertz, USA
NCD Alliance from
Thu, March 28, 2013 at 02.58 pm
The NCD Alliance (NCDA) is a network of over 2,000 civil society organisations from 170 countries united by our vision for a future free from preventable suffering and death caused NCDs. Our founders are four leading international federations- the Union for International Cancer Control, the International Diabetes Federation, the International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, and the World Heart Federation.

Q1. What are the major challenges faced in implementing development policies and programmes for persons with disabilities? For example, the MDGs and other internationally agreed development goals.

Disability and NCDs
Approximately 15% of the global population, or just over one billion people, experience a form of disability. The global burden of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) – cancers, chronic respiratory diseases, cardiovascular disease, and diabetes, plus mental health – now account for the majority of disability worldwide, overtaking communicable, maternal, neonatal, and nutritional disorders. The Global Burden of Disease study states that NCDs accounted for 54% of all Disability Adjusted Life Years (DALYs) in 2010. So even though according to the recent Global Burden Disease study, people are living longer with evidenced increased life expectancy, they are not necessarily healthier. Urgent systemic responses to mitigate disability and impairment, and particularly NCD-related disability, are needed in order to counter the negative impact on economic and social development, and the achievement of internationally agreed development goals. This is especially true in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), where NCDs and disabilities are affecting the majority of people during their most productive years of life.

Disability and Development
There has been major progress in terms of development with the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) for people living in extreme poverty however the goals maintained a narrow scope and rigidity on development that led to a lack of focus on millions of people living with impairments today. . This lack of focus has led disabled people to miss opportunities for education, jobs and a real equal chance for full participation in society. Ultimately extreme poverty cannot be eradicated without including people with disabilities in global development policy.

Thee evidence of policies and programmes that are inclusive of people with disabilities is weak. In 2012, the UN System Task Team Report states that the “poorest and those most discriminated against on the basis of gender, age, disability, ethnicity or otherwise have often been the most disadvantaged” in progress made since the agreement of the MDGs in 2000. Major challenges for inclusive development for disabled people include: acute poverty and deprivation due to the costs of care and support; poor employment, transportation and living conditions; a major lack of access to the healthcare critical for managing or reducing disability.

Health Challenges:
In response to the health priorities captured in the MDG agenda, many health systems in LMICs are now oriented to focus on acute care and infectious diseases, ill-equipped to provide the necessary on-going care and rehabilitative services necessary to ensure people with NCDs can prevent or manage disability. People with NCDs are at risk of multiple morbidities and complications that are disabling and impair physical, mental, social, and vocational abilities. For example, a lack of investment into regular assessment and early detection means that people with diabetes suffer disabling complications such as heart disease, stroke, lower limb amputations, blindness and visual impairment, and kidney failure. It is estimated that 15 million people worldwide are blind as a result of diabetes, the majority of who live in LMICs. According to the Global Burden of Disease 2010 there were 770 million Years Lived with Disability (YLDs) from all causes, up from 583 million YLDs in 1990. The leading specific causes were similar for both time periods and included both diabetes and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

Post-2015 Development
It is critical that the post-2015 development agenda ensure health systems are refocused to a provide preventative and continuing care for NCDs and impairments – including the rehabilitative services that can address impairments arising from diabetes, stroke, cancers, and chronic obstructive respiratory diseases. This approach will facilitate the implementation of effective development policies and programmes related to disability, and ensure people with NCDs can play a full, independent, and active role in society.
Q2. What approaches/actions have been successful in promoting the inclusion of disability in development?

Access to Rehabilitation Services
The implementation of rehabilitation services is a successful approach in the inclusion of disability in development. Rehabilitation calls for “appropriate measures, including through peer support, to enable persons with disabilities to attain and maintain their maximum independence, full physical, mental, social and vocational ability, and full inclusion and participation in all aspects of life.”

People with disabilities have the right to access rehabilitation services since it will increase the quality of life and their function to be able to participate equally in society. Patient empowerment is crucial to ensure that people with disabilities have the knowledge, skills and confidence to manage NCDs effectively. Health literacy and self-management education is critical for empowering people to improve health outcomes – and enabling people to lead healthy and full lives with disabilities and lifelong diseases such as NCDs.

Rehabilitation services specifically for people suffering from NCDs have proven to be effective means in improving self-management care. Estimates show that people with diabetes are 40 times more likely to have a lower limb amputation as those without the condition. Respiratory therapy is strongly recommended for people with chronic respiratory diseases because it teaches them techniques to get the most out of each breath. This not only improving their ability to breathe and function, but also improves their sense of control and independence, despite their disease. The provision of appropriate care and available skills of specialised personnel i.e. podiatrists, orthotists and prosthetics, promotes functional recovery and active contribution to development.

Rehabilitative services have proven to be a powerful means to include disability in health and development and promote empowerment. Rehabilitation therapy has assisted in regaining function following a stroke. In cancer care, rehabilitation has been demonstrated to have a significant role from preventative and restorative to supportive and palliative management. Finally, mental health, which has strong connections and co-morbidities with the four major NCDs, also has significant implications for disability prevalence and can be well supported by rehabilitation professionals such as psychologists and occupational therapists.
Human Rights Based Approach to the Inclusion and Active Involvement of Persons With Disabilities
Article 25 of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) affirms the rights of persons with disabilities to “the highest attainable standard of health without discrimination on the basis of disability. Persons with disabilities are to receive the same range, quality and standard of free or affordable health services as provided other persons receive those health services needed because of their disabilities, and not to be discriminated against in the provision of health insurance.” This includes access to palliative care which is an essential means of improving the quality life of patients and their families through living as actively as possible with a life-threatening illness.
Most recently, the June 2012 Rio+20 Outcomes Document ''The Future We Want” includes a number of specific references, to disability including in paragraphs 43, 135, 229 and 58. UN Member States recognised that sustainable development requires: the meaningful involvement and active participation of persons with disabilities; the need for development policies that support inclusive housing and social services, as well as a safe and healthy living environment for all, particularly persons with disabilities; and ensuring equal access to education for persons with disabilities and enhancing the welfare of persons with disabilities. Paragraph 9 of the document also addresses the responsibilities of States to respect, protect and promote human rights and fundamental freedom for all, providing a clear mandate for the inclusion of persons with disabilities through a human rights approach.

Q.3. What specific steps, measures or actions should be taken to promote the goal of a disability inclusive society?

Health Goal for All
The current global discussion on health within the post-2015 development agenda proposes the development of an overarching health goal that will encompass the health priorities of the past fifteen years and address new and emerging challenges – including NCDs.

In formulating an overarching health goal, the goal must include a disability perspective, as ill-health is a major contributor to disability and an impediment to development worldwide. The health goal should address the barriers faced by people with disabilities and be able to measure policies and services available for them which are essential to fulfilling their rights to the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health.

An agreed overarching goal must promote strong health systems that address all health issues, and ensure that people are the priority in global health, not disease. The health goal should build health systems in LMCs that are proactive, preventative, and can provide continuing care and on-going management for health issues including those currently neglected, such as NCDs. A critical component of this will be the provision of patient empowerment and rehabilitative services to alleviate some of the barriers faced by people with disabilities. One formulation of an overarching health goal that could capture these priorities and promote effective responses at the national level is a goal focused on maximizing health life expectancy, as recently published in the outcomes report of the High-level Dialogue in Botswana on health in the post-2015 agenda.

Measurements through Disaggregated Data
The post-2015 development framework must be based on the core values of sustainability, human rights, and equity. Regarding equity, the MDG era have demonstrated that without specific measurements in place to track progress on vulnerable and marginalised groups– including people with disabilities – inequalities within and between countries will remain neglected and masked by MDG averages.

Equity should be “hard-wired” into the post-2015 development framework, including in health. This should be done by ensuring health-related goals are relevant for people at all stages of their life. A goal on maximizing healthy life expectancy with targets to measure life expectancy from birth (already a core component of the Human Development Index) and healthy life expectancy at 60 could lead to more effective interventions for all age groups. Therefore, disaggregation of data by disability and age group should be required in all targets to ensure that older people and people with disabilities benefit equally from future development progress. Improved data collection will also allow better monitoring of the distributional impact of policies and budget allocations on different populations.

Q.4 Any other suggestions or recommendations for the High-level Meeting?

The High-Level Meeting on Disabilities occurs at an opportune time during the formulation of the post-2015 development agenda. The outcomes of the High-Level Meeting will be an opportunity to fully integrate disability into the post-2015 process, and specifically address the role of disabilities within the health MDGs and the future overarching health goal. Inequalities faced by people with disabilities must be addressed in the new development framework through incorporating a health goal that will break down siloes and barriers between health issues, and drive a new health approach that can truly maximizing healthy life for all.
Thu, March 28, 2013 at 08.36 am
Information and communication technologies (ICTs), such as mobile phones, satellites or the Internet, are a strong pre-requisite to promote the rights of persons with disabilities (PwDs). As a matter of fact, the Convention on the Rights of the Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) already recognizes in its Article 9 the importance of ICT accessibility to enable PwDs to live independently and participate fully in all aspects of life. The use of ICTs can also be leveraged to support several other provisions of the CRPD for better promoting, protecting and ensuring that the rights of PwDs are fully taken into account in development efforts.

To achieve these benefits it is instrumental that governments and the private work together to expand access to ICTs and ensure the accessibility of ICTs to PwDs. An important vehicle to achieve these goals is the work conducted within international organizations to develop international technical standards to promote ICT accessibility, identify public policies and regulation that can expand access to affordable ICTs and implement capacity building initiatives aimed at developing the ICT skills of persons with disabilities.

On this regard, the International Telecommunication Union would like to encourage that the summary of this online consultation includes a strong reference on the key role played by ICTs to enable the inclusion of PwDs. Such reference should encourage all stakeholders to be proactive and contribute to the work of the aforementioned organizations, and to implement the agreements reached within these organizations for the benefit of PwDs.
Cynthia Burger from
Thu, March 28, 2013 at 04.45 am
The first issue for me is access to the various technologies that will allow persons with disabilities to compensate for their disability. For example, accessible streets and homes combined with access to wheelchairs, walkers, scooters and modified bikes. Another example is providing those with vision loss with training with guide dogs and canes, with eyeglasses or operations, with smooth streets and paths that are hazard free.
Aydan Bayır from
Wed, March 27, 2013 at 01.21 pm
As The Spinal Cord Paralytics Association of Turkey, our one of the fundamental problem is about accessibility issue. Not only for orthopedically disabled people, but also for all disadvantaged groups, the subject of accessibility has been hotly debated issue. The laws revolve around this topic are not enough to change the situtation. Therefore all disadvantaged groups have to cope with barriers in their daily life and clearly that is againist human rights. In this respect our aim is to create a world which all the citizens of it can share social life without any barrier.
delete account from
Mon, March 25, 2013 at 09.00 pm
As a carer for a disabled person, I have a unique insight into the needs of disabled people, and how they are treated within the UK. For many decades, many forms of mental and physical disabilities have been recognised and accepted by British governments, private and public companies, and the public in general. Many disability rights organisations have developed in order to support and help disabled people where necessary. Although there are still areas where disabled people are not treated equally such as invisible or mental disabilities, the UK has come a long way in recognising the value that disabled people can contribute to society, and the support they require.

However, the great strides made in the UK are not only changing, they are being eroded at an alarming speed. The political coalition party that took power as the British government two and a half years ago, are doing many things to destroy all the equalities and support that disabled people in the UK have fought so hard in establishing. It is not just a case of disabled people losing money, but it feels by many to be a genocide of disabled people by the British government.

The British government is deliberately targeting disabled people in order to further their own political agenda's that the UK is no place for anyone who is sick or disabled. The government believe that no disabled person should be helped or supported by the state, even if it means people die as a result.

Disabled people have much to contribute towards a civilised society if they are given the support they need. Simply telling a disabled person to find employment is extremely bad when a disabled person needs support in finding the right kind of employment. In addition, many disabled people have health conditions that prevent them from doing any type of employment. It is not their fault that they are sick or disabled, and many disabled people were forced to give up employment when they became sick or injured.

The British government is now forcibly removing all financial help for disabled people, and telling disabled people they must find employment or stop being alive. The system and laws in the UK are being changed so that the government can get away with disability discrmination, and even killing off disabled people. Recent figures show that in 2011 alone, 10,600 people who were sick and disabled were forced b the government off financial benefits and were told to become employed. Those 10,600 people then died within 6 weeks of being told by the government that they were 'fit for work'. There are increasing numbers of disabled people who are committing suicide due to the government stopping all financial support, and even allowing local authorities to evict those vulnerable disabled people out of their homes.

In addition, many organisations that have been established to help disabled people, are now being closed down by the government. Financial legal assistance to allow disabled people to appeal against government decisions in court is being removed by the government, which a top judge has said is a breach of basic human rights. In addition, the government is seeking to leave the European Human Rights Act which means they will have greater control of how they treat disabled people.

Disabled people in the UK are terrified. The government is creating a false propaganda by claiming all disabled people on financial benefit support are criminals, and should not be given any support by the state. Some media companies that support the government by repeating such lies and false propaganda, and some of the public are believing the lies that the government are stating.

Everything the government are doing, they claim is to reduce the national debt. However, they also say even if there was no national debt, they would continue changing the UK by removing all financial support for disabled people even if it means killing off disabled people.

The UK is losing all equalities that disabled people have fought for. Disabled people are terrified, and many are dying due to the anxiety caused, and others are committing suicide. The British government have declared war on disabled people, and they are committing genocide against them. What is the UN going to do to stop this government from killing all disabled people in the UK?
Borja from
Mon, March 25, 2013 at 09.15 am
Integrated employment in the community is the main key to acces to a full integrated adult life for people with disabilities. Supported employment is the wayto get it. In most countries in all the world, segregated optiens still remain as the main option. The money must be redirected integrated options as supported employment instead of to segregated options. Initiatives as "employment first" (USA) must be followe in Europe. I suggest to read to issues of the Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation, vol. 37(3) ( and vol. 35(3) (
Daramola Martina Onyeka from
Sat, March 23, 2013 at 09.05 pm
Disability inclusive development agenda towards 2015 is a positive step towards carrying every one along. In Nigeria for instance, disability issue is not receiving the right attention and that is for the fact that our government believe in lip-service by which they involve people who lack the knowledge for what they are assign to do. We have so many professor in the field of special education who are ever ready to contribute their best, Nigeria government will not involve them but will rather bring in consultants who do not know what to do.
University of Jos, University of Ibadan and Oyo College of Education are institutions that have what it take on issues concerning persons with special needs. They can be referred to as Data Bank for Disability but they are never utilized. They develop school curriculum which involves the special needs without involving Special Teachers.
The Action Plan of Federal Ministry of Women Affairs of Nigeria for 2009 -2015 has the space for special needs vacant and that is because no personnel input as at the time that draft was made. you can check it out. The Federal Ministry of Education has its Special Needs Department headed by a non professional for long time till now. They declare job vacancy without including special education Teachers position. If only the right peg can be put in the right hole, then 2015 MDGs Disability target will be a reality in Nigeria.
I am a CERTIFIED SPECIAL EDUCATION TEACHER currently working with Nigerian education sector. I graduated 18 years ago and I am under utilized.
paula from
Sat, March 23, 2013 at 10.48 am
My concern is one that seems to be largely ignored by those who would protect the world's people from harm, yet it is a concern shared by more and more people in recent years. I am adversely affected by radiofrequencies. I have an environmentally-induced functional impairment caused by exposure to radiofrequency radiation, such as the radiation given off by wireless devices and their base stations (antennas). The radiation from smart meters, mobile phones, cell phone towers, and wireless internet all affect me. I experience unpleasant disturbance of mental functioning and concentration, cardiac irregularities, blurred vision, ringing in the ears, muscular tension, anxiety, emotional lability, and fatigue when around wireless devices. The presence of wireless devices, including smart meters and wireless internet, in public places prevents me from being comfortable in libraries and many other places, such as some shops, hotels, public transport, restaurants and halls. I am also concerned about wireless use in hospitals and medical clinics should I need to access them. When I am in a queue or waiting room and someone starts talking on a cellphone right next to me I have to move away or I soon get symptoms. This use of wireless technology in public areas places restrictions on my life, and the lives of many others. Please visit ( and search proceedings 03-137 and 12-357) to see the over 300 comments from U.S. citizens pleading with the FCC to establish biologically-based safety limits for radiofrequency radiation to replace the existing outdated thermally-based radiofrequency limits. In consideration of wireless technology’s exclusionary effect, the very real threat it poses to public health (see and and the environment ( ), I recommend that wireless devices and radiation from those devices should be eliminated from the public arena. Internet access should be provided using publicly available wired connections. In addition, radiofrequency radiation detectors can remind people to turn off wireless devices as they enter public buildings.
Utilities providing basic service (electricity, gas, and water) should not be allowed to use transmitting utility meters. There are many examples of utility companies bullying customers with threats of disconnecting their service to force them to take transmitting utility meters. There are many examples of people being disabled by the radiation from transmitting utility meters and even forced from the neighborhood by the radiation from neighbors’ utility meters, despite having retained an analogue meter on their own home. I personally have had to spend thousands of dollars in order to be able to cope with the effects of my neightbours' and my smart meter. I have gone from being a healthy person who looked younger than her years, to one who never quite feels OK any more, unless away from wireless technology.
Accommodations for people adversely affected by radiofrequency will benefit all in the long term, as constant exposure to radiofrequency radiation poses a serious threat to the health of all.
Accommodations necessary for people with radiofrequency sickness
Below is a list of accommodations necessary to allow people affected by radiofrequency to once again participate fully in public and community life. It is divided into two categories - one for transmitted radiofrequency radiation and one for radiofrequency exposure from “dirty” electricity.
Transmitted radiofrequency radiation accommodations:
• Salzburg, Austria radiofrequency radiation safety limits adopted globally (1microW/m2 inside and 10microW/m2 outside).
• Public places (including transportation) free of locally provided wireless internet service.
• Transmitters on wireless devices turned off in public places - detectors should be installed at entrances to remind people.
• Hospitals only use wired internet, wired in-building networks, and wired devices within the hospital, also protects privacy.
• Cell and broadband antennas situated at a distance from hospitals and residential areas such that Salzburg radiation limits of 1microW/m2 not exceeded inside the hospital or homes.
• Medical clinics use only wired in-office network and internet service and devices.
No-one should be made to have a wireless device on his or her home. The body heals at night, so to be exposed to frequencies that are damaging at this time, in your own home, is devastating to health and potentially to functioning.
"Dirty" electricity radiofrequency accommodations:
• Kazakstan “dirty” power standard adopted globally - maximum of 50 G/S units on Stetzerizer meter on building wiring. (
• All new lighting installations be low radiofrequency lighting e.g. properly engineered undimmable LED lights with no ballast and no pulse width modulation that do no cause “dirty” electricity. (Additional benefit - LEDs are more energy efficient than fluorescent lighting.)
• Use of tiered lighting instead of dimmer switches
• Replacement of all buzzing (arcing) fluorescent fixtures with LED fixtures, as above.
michael lim kee from
Sat, March 23, 2013 at 07.12 am
Nous essayons depuis plus de 30 ans d'aider, de former les personnes ayant un handicap a se tenir sur Leur pieds a l'ile Maurice. La , dites la fraternite. Beaucoup reste a faire pour les Mauriciens ayant un handicap.
Brian Geiger from
Sat, March 23, 2013 at 05.21 am
Disabilities remain misunderstood by many persons including elected and appointed leaders. Some are frightened by those with different appearance, language, abilities and health needs; however, most of us know friends or relatives with a chronic condition or challenging illness.

Public health professionals must endorse Key Recommendations for the post-2015 development framework found in the Online Discussion Synopsis enabling us to move toward inclusive societies that do not stigmatize people based on physical or cognitive abilities:

"1. The new framework must be based on a human rights approach, in compliance with the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD).
2. Agree a specific goal focusing on equality and combatting discrimination, to include persons with disabilities.
3. Include equality and non-discrimination of persons with disabilities as a cross-cutting issue throughout the framework.
4. Disability disaggregated data are required to establish targets and indicators related to persons with disabilities in all areas and the inclusion of persons with disabilities in reporting and monitoring activities.
5. Participation of persons with disabilities, including organizations of persons with disabilities, in all decision-making processes to develop the new framework.
6. International co-operation should be inclusive of persons with disabilities, with both disability-specific projects and ensuring that all projects are inclusive of persons with disabilities.
7. Persons with disabilities should be central to all global partnerships under the new framework, with disability-targeted multi-stakeholder partnerships established to ensure this."

The WHO definition of health and wellness is compatible with expanding opportunities for all persons to fully participate in family, social and work life. It bears repeating that States and organizations cannot act on behalf of individuals with disabilities, unless there is fair and complete representation by persons who are most affected. Synergizing ideas and action for change are possible when there is more than token representation!
Md. Zillur Siddiki from
Sat, March 23, 2013 at 03.55 am
To address this issue, we need to work in two level- international and country level:

International level:
• To provide high‐level policy, technical advice and guidance to every country programs on disability‐inclusive development, we need a global advisory committee; this committee will work with development of country specific strategic plan on disable inclusive development agenda, Also provide technical advice to establish systems and processes and build their capacity so countries are able to provide technical support to their concern organizations on disability inclusive development.
• Provision of technical advice may include the development of tools and guidance on disability‐inclusive development where appropriate;
• Provide support for detailed up‐front analysis on barriers to inclusion and participation on the part of people with disability to inform investment decisions by country and thematic programs and policies. This includes engagement with range of stakeholders working in country programs, local government, NGOs and other relevant partners to provide technical advice and guidance on policy evaluation and recommendations. Noting that this role does not include the direct management of disability thematic or country programs;
• To mobilise the action and resources of the global community for disability inclusive
development, build networks and linkages with relevant technical and institutional counterparts in partner country governments, international financial institutions and other donors, academia, and donor government agencies.
• Participate in peer reviews and country strategy development and reviews activities;
• Assist to develop a monitoring and evaluation system to identify and report on the results, immediate impact and longer‐term benefits of disability‐inclusive development activities and options for improvement or refinement;
In Country Level:
• Building awareness and understanding of disability‐inclusive development to support
the strategic direction outlined in Development for All – towards a disability‐inclusive
Development and implementation Strategy.
• Build staff awareness and understanding of disability‐inclusive development through staff support, training and mentoring. Staff support and mentoring may include provision of support, training, advice for senior management and program managers at post who work on disability‐inclusive development or are members of the disability focal point network;
• Share lessons learned and best practice in disability‐inclusive development in country programs and with the Disability Policy;
• Develop a monitoring and evaluation system to identify and report on the results, immediate impact and longer‐term benefits of disability‐inclusive development activities and options for improvement or refinement;
Fri, March 22, 2013 at 11.23 pm
There is a serious and unacknowledged systemic disability of recognizing all pervasive presence of disabilities in the society. Despite decades of campaigns, education and efforts by international organizations, the main stream society still prefers not to see the issue and at best offer lip service. There is a need for changing attitudes, building capacities to recognize social and economic contributions of disable population to the society. There is a need for massive education from the school level and up to the legislative houses to help the society grow with the maturity to understand that disability is part of human society, it should not be under mined rather it must be taken along in the process of development.
Zahid Khan from
Fri, March 22, 2013 at 07.33 pm
United Nations estimates that there are more than 650 million persons in the world with disabilities. The majority of such persons live in under-developed countries. It is feared that their number would increase rapidly due to the break out of wars, terrorist attacks and increasing vulnerability to natural calamities. The UN declared 1981 as the International Year of Disabled Persons to awaken awareness among the member countries regarding the rights of disabled persons. UN adopted “Convention on the
Rights of Persons with Disabilities 2006” that demands from the signatory countries to make legal framework for providing them equal opportunities in every sphere of life. Pakistan being signatory to this convention had taken a number of steps to facilitate such persons. Pakistan announced its first “National Policy on the issue of disability” in 2002 which defined disability as: “A person with disabilities means who, on account of injury, disease, or congenital deformity, is handicapped in undertaking any gainful profession or employment, and includes persons who are visually impaired, hearing impaired, and physically and mentally disabled.

Disability in Pakistan

The Pakistan Census Organization (PCO) in its 1998 national population census has provided data about disability under seven categories: Crippled; Insane; Mentally Retarded; Multiple Disability, Blind; Deaf, Mute and Others. According to the Census data, the Persons with Disabilities constituted 2.49 per cent of the overall population. Data reveals that 4.5 per cent in, disabled people are found in Balochistan. Most disabled people have a physical handicap; this is followed by hearing impairment. The number of males with disability is greater than females in both rural and urban areas. This is probably because of the high incidence of child mortality among female children caused by social discrimination, preference for the male child, and deep-rooted gender insensitivity within households. More resources are used for rearing infant Boys than infant girls. Thus, if a girl child is disabled she is doubly disadvantaged as she will receive less nutritious food, health care and attention within the family and will often die young. Among adults, the number of physically disabled males is higher than the number of physically disabled females as the incidence of accidents in the household as well as in the workforce is much higher for men.

Socio-economic situation:
The people of the project area though Eligible for development programs funded by the Govt. still remains exploited & deprived of their basic human rights. All the areas are politicized. The overall economic situation of the local people as well as the situation SPWDs (Special persons with disabilities) is very socially and economically bad. Migration is a major problem of this area. The Province of Balochistan occupies about 45% of the total land mass of Pakistan and shares a long and porous border with Afghanistan. For over two decades, the province has represented a haven for Afghans fleeing war and violence in their home country. An estimated 600,000 Afghan refugees currently reside in Balochistan, primarily in camps and refugee villages.
Poverty has become a viscous circle resulting in rapid marginalization and helplessness. In this situation it is quite obvious that the condition of the children and especially that of the physically challenged is more deplorable.

Disability Awareness:
The purpose of this Campaign is to guide people and SPWDs in outreach and education activities to raise disability awareness in community within the framework of the cultural and social model. Rather than viewing disability as a defect within individuals that inherently requires “fixing”, disability is perceived as a social construct where problems resulting from disabilities are centered on the environment’s failure to accommodate to the needs of people with disabilities.

Social Attitudes towards SPWDs:

The presence of negative attitudes, limited physical access, limited access to communication and resources, and barriers to rights as individuals are some examples of obstacles faced by people with disabilities obstructing fulfillment of their desired roles in society.

There is a form of discrimination in our society that surrounds disability, a discomfort, a slight fear of that which is different and unfamiliar. It manifests as pity, avoidance or ridicule. When we see someone with a profound disability, a fleeting thought occurs: "What if that were me?" from which we quickly turn with a shake.
Naturally, many people, especially young people, tend to avoid those who make us feel uncomfortable or guilty. Not knowing how to act or respond to someone very different can be scary, especially for a young person.
What if he can't shake hands? Should I tap him on the shoulder? Maybe she/he walks unsteadily. Will she fall? Will I hurt her if I try to help? What if I say the wrong thing?

Women with Disabilities:
Disabled women face double discrimination. First and foremost as women, secondly as women with disabilities, it is still worse if a woman has disability this means this person is being discriminated against double times over.
Disability awareness, as perceived from the cultural and social paradigm, is a step to remove these social and environmental barriers to enable the full social, physical and spiritual participation of individuals with disabilities in the community.

Health & Education problems: -
Due to poor economic condition, SPWDs are deprived to avail the existing health & education services. Education of the SPWDs in the area has been neglected very much. People do not know the benefit of a good environment with improved Health conditions.
Fri, March 22, 2013 at 06.49 pm
Several Hon’ble `High Courts have given favourable judgement to provide reservation in direct recruitment as well as in promotion.
For providing stable economic condition, improving the quality of life style and bring up the children of disabled employees on par with other people of the society, reservation in promotion is a must. Further, restricting reservation only at induction level will lead the disabled towards starvation and unemployment.
While the government of India have gone to the extend of amending the Constitution of India in favour of SCs/STs, the same benefit is denied to disabled whose conditions are worst than the SCs/STs in the society who require the benefits and schemes on par with SCs/STs if not provided more than SCs/STs.
Further, Sudha Kaual Committee recommended 7% of all posts. But the ministry recommended 5% of vacancies. From the above one can easily judge the intention of the ministry as to whether the ministry, who is supposed to be the nodal ministry for the welfare of the disabled, is for the welfare of the disabled or they want to wipe out the disabled community who want to be always under somebody’s mercy without dignity. Providing reservation for a post and allowing the reservation to lapse for want of candidates, makes the reservation a meaningless exercise. Even the concept of ‘zone of consideration’ and ‘extended zone of consideration’ in case of promotion should go away and posts in question should be filled on the basis of available disabled man power. Relaxation of qualifying marks has been allowed to SC/ST candidates in Departmental Promotion Examinations. While the physically challenged employees of the SC/ST communities enjoy this benefit, the same is denied to other physically challenged employees. The following cases where the relaxation of standard has been extended to physically challenged employees on par with SCs/STs candidates are furnished.
(1) DOPT vide OM dated 04.09.1985 issued instructions on relaxation of standards to physically challenged employees on par with SCs/STs
(2) The Hon’ble Supreme Court of India pronounced a ruling on 19.03.2002 on the W.P.No.115/1998 allowing all physically challenged candidates to treat them on par with SCs/STs in the matter of providing 5% relaxation in qualifying marks.
(3) The Hon’ble Delhi High Court pronounced a similar ruling on 06.09.2012 on W.P.(C) No.4853 of 2012 in favour of a disabled student who sought admission Delhi Technological university.
(4) The Chief Commissioner for Persons with Disabilities of India has also pronounced a similar ruling on the above matter in favour of disabled candidates of (i) IIT aspirants (Case No: 1/1011-5471/2008 dated 07.08.2008) and (ii) Postal Department (Case No. 3810/07 (5) in Departmental Promotion Examination while extending the same in Direct Recruitment. The only way to dated 17.08.2007).
(6) BSNL, vide their letters dated 12.10.2004 and 20.01.2005, has provided relaxation in qualifying marks on par with SCs/STs in the departmental promotion examinations for JAOs.
Despite existence of all the above justifications, relaxation in qualifying standard is not provided to disabled employees protect the interest of the disabled is to provide statutory provisions. Using the safely clause provided in the Bill 2012, Government may exempt any establishment from the provisions of this section defeating the purpose of the Section. The Bills 2011 and 2012 have not recommended any tax benefits to the individual disabled persons. Notwithstanding anything contained in the Income-tax Act, 1961, or any other law for the time being in force, all disabled persons should also be exempted from paying of all kinds of taxes including income tax. 1) The Village Local Bodies, State Legislative Councils, Rajya Sabha etc. should have an appropriate number of nominated members from disabled community so that they can put forward their suggestions / demands and fight for their rights.
2) Reservation should also be provided at Village Local Bodies, State Legislative Assemblies, Lokh Sabha etc. so that they can put forward their suggestions / demands and fight for their rights.
Gabriela Amari from
Fri, March 22, 2013 at 05.11 pm
It is time for the world to move forward in and inclusive way for people with disabilities. Accessibility is key. We all need to work toward Universal Design from which all people can benefit. Awareness must be raised about people with disabilities. There are very few people with disabilities who are disabled to the point where they can do nothing. We need to fight against discrimination in employment for people with disabilities. We need to reintegrate people into their communities if they are able to live at home with home care. Independence, Inclusion in society and Equal Access should be the goals. I hope that we can move forward in a positive light to achieving these important goals.
Muhmmad Ariful Haque from
Fri, March 22, 2013 at 02.01 pm
Dear all

I think all sorts of disable persons of entire world needed to come under web based global database for disable persons under supervision of UN. Simultaneously whats sorts of supports they needed, what we could provide to them, what they are achieving, and monitoring reports, all should be in that regularly updated website. Beside that Every disable person should have global disable RFID card as per database to provide them support any where they go and stay. I think this might be an effective tools to rescue them
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