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Uyanga Gankhuyag
on Wed, January 2, 2013 at 10.21 pm
Growth and Employment

Global consultation on growth and employment, Tokyo, 15-16 May 2012

Final report of the meeting   |  Brief biographies of speakers and chairs  |  Concept note of the meeting

(For presentations, click on links where available)

View the meeting information on ILO website


Opening remarks

Akiko Yuge, Director of Representative Office in Japan and Special Advisor to the Administrator, UNDP

Akio Hosono, Director, JICA Research Institute

Ambassador Kenji Hiramatsu, Director-General for Global Issues, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Japan

Jose Manuel Salazar-Xirinachs, Executive Director, Employment Sector, ILO

Magdy Martinez-Soliman, Deputy Assistant Administrator and Deputy Director, Bureau for Development Policy, UNDP


Session 1: Employment trends and the global jobs challenge

Chair: Aurelio Parisotto, ILO


  1. Jose Manuel Salazar-Xirinachs, ILO
  2. Cyn-Young Park, ADB
  3. Samuel Wangwe, Research on Poverty Alleviation (REPOA), Tanzania
  4. Koji Suzuki, Japanese Trade Union Confederation (JTUC-RENGO)
  5. Peter Woolford, International Organization of Employers


What can we learn from experience with MDGs and international agreements, such as the Global Jobs Pact, in shaping the post-2015 development agenda? This session will take stock of international agreements and development targets, and their impact on growth, employment, the productive sector and structural change. This session will frame the global challenge of creating productive and decent jobs for the working poor, for the unemployed and underemployed, for youth entering the labour market, and for discouraged workers, many of whom are women. The key question is: what kind of growth generates jobs?


 Session 2: Structural transformation and employment

Chair: Marek Dabrowski, CASE - Center for Social and Economic Research, Poland


  1. Ralf Peters, UNCTAD 
  2. Kenta Goto, Kansai University, Japan
  3. Wen Tiejun, Renmin University, China

Rising wages in economies which have relied on manufacturing-led growth are creating opportunities for others, mainly Least Developed Countries. What kind of ‘new industrial policy’ is needed that recognizes the structural shifts and provides incentives for building productive capacity in employment-intensive sectors? What are the policy options for increasing productivity in agriculture and small-scale enterprises?

What role will be played by the global partnership supporting employment-led growth, particularly through international policy coordination in trade and finance? How to support the structural shift away from global imbalances? Will the emerging economies be a new source of sustained global demand necessary to reverse the employment crisis?

Session 3a: Employment, equity and human development

Chair: Richard Morgan, UNICEF


  1. Rizwanul Islam, Independent Expert
  2. Claire Melamed, Overseas Development Institute, UK
  3. Tatehito Shimoda, Reitaku University, Japan
  4. Maria Victoria Raquiza, Social Watch and Justice Associates, Philippines

Growth is a necessary, but not a sufficient condition for employment generation and improving human development. Widening gaps between high-skilled and low-skilled labour, exclusion, and vulnerability of employment need to be addressed, as they directly impact on human development, human security and rights. How can the goals of inclusion, equity and employment security be achieved by global and domestic policy responses? What is needed to ensure that employment policies address gender equality as a key determinant of growth? 


Session 3b: Employment, equity and human development (continued)

Chair: Mariama Williams, South Centre


  1. Demirew Getachew, Ethiopian Economics Association
  2. Philip O’Keefe, World Bank
  3. Jessica Espey, Save the Children


Session 4: Leveraging the natural resource sector for employment creation

Chair: Degol Hailu, UNDP


  1. Khaschuluun Chuluundorj, National Development and Innovation Committee, Mongolia
  2. Ahmed Moustafa, UNDP

Growing demand for commodities has propelled the growth rates of resource-rich countries but has had limited impact on employment growth. How will the resource-rich countries tap into increased flows of revenues to use them for developing employment-intensive and productive sectors?


Session 5: Environmental sustainability and employment

Chair: David Hallam, Department for International Development (DfID)


  1. Paula Caballero, Ministry of External Relations, Colombia
  2. Ruth Batani, Benguet State University, Philippines
  3. PB Anand, University of Bradford

Going forward, economies face major tasks in ensuring environmental sustainability. A ‘green economy’ is essentially a move to new production processes and consumption patterns. These in turn require new set of technologies and human skills. How will countries manage the transition to ‘de-carbonized’ economies? Can social protection and safety nets lessen the impact of these adjustments?


Session 6: Country perspectives from Asia

(*Representatives from Asia participate via videoconferencing)

Chair: Diana Alarcon, UN Department for Economic and Social Affairs

Recap: Paul Ladd, UNDP

* Participating countries :

  1. Bangladesh
  2. China
  3. India
  4. Indonesia


Session 7: Implications for the post-2015 development agenda

Chair: Paul Ladd, UNDP


  1. Jose Dallo, UNDP
  2. Pronab Sen, Planning Commission, India
  3. Ahmed Swapan Mahmud, Voices for Interactive Choices and Empowerment, Bangladesh

What are the implications for the post-2015 development framework? What are the accountability mechanisms and data implications? What is the role of state and non-state actors? Which issues need to be carried over into subsequent thematic and country discussions on the post-2015 development agenda?


Wrap-up and closing remarks

Magdy Martinez-Soliman, Deputy Assistant Administrator and Deputy Director, Bureau for Development Policy, UNDP

Keiko Kamioka, Director, ILO Office in Japan



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