Violence Against Women & Girls in the Post-2015 Framework: Why & How - Moosa
*Accepted under the "Addressing Inequalities" Global Thematic Consultation - Call for Proposals for Background Papers, Oct 2012*
by Zohra Moosa, Women’s Rights Advisor, ActionAid UK
Abstract: This paper discusses the ways that gender-based violence against women and girls (VAWG) undermines global development, peace, human rights and social justice as a root cause of inequality, and outlines why a new post-2015 international framework should tackle it.
Drawing on evidence from ActionAid’s anti-poverty work with women living in poverty in over 40 countries, the paper makes the case for understanding gender-based VAWG as a central measure of development and human rights. Using data from community-based programmes, the paper specifically outlines how violence against women and girls is both a cause and a consequence of gender inequality and access to power and resources. In this way, it contributes analysis on the structure, content and implications of this major form of inequality.
The paper also illustrates how attention to gender-based VAWG is missing from the current MDG framework, and how this has affected progress on all the goals. The paper uses the Theory of Change for Tackling Violence Against Women and Girls that ActionAid recently developed with the Gender and Development Network for the UK Government to provide guidance on how VAWG could be meaningfully integrated into the new framework.
The paper includes new findings from ActionAid research into a) women’s access to reproductive choice in sub-Saharan Africa, b) women’s access to justice in conflict-affected contexts, and c) women’s access to life choices and livelihoods in urban areas.