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WorldWeWant2015 Content
en Son las 09.39 pm de Vie, Diciembre 28, 2012


How should a new framework address the dimensions of economic growth, equity, social equality and environmental sustainability? Is an overall focus on poverty eradication sufficiently broad to capture the range of sustainable development issues? 

¿Cómo debería un marco de desarrollo posterior a 2015 incorporar aspectos relacionados con el crecimiento económico, la equidad, la igualdad social y la sostenibilidad ambiental? ¿Permite un enfoque en la erradicación de la pobreza captar de manera efectiva la variedad de temas del desarrollo sostenible?

Comment le nouveau programme de développement devrait-il prendre en compte les dimensions de croissance économique, d'équité, d'égalité sociale et de durabilité environnementale? Un accent sur l'éradication de la pauvreté est-il suffisamment large pour couvrir l'ensemble des questions liées au développement durable?

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Anonymous from Array
Son las 08.44 am de Mié, Enero 16, 2013

SRHR are essential elements of human dignity and human development, and a core basis for social and economic progress. These are the most intimate and fundamental of human rights, as they relate to making informed decisions about one’s body, sexuality, health, relationships, marriage and having children. Achieving poverty eradication, educational, health, economic and sustainable development objectives hinge on the fulfillment of these rights for all women, men and young people. Overall, women and adolescent girls who have control over decisions regarding their sexuality and the number, timing and spacing of their children are healthier, better able to complete their education, enter the workforce more prepared, and balance their productive and reproductive lives, with improved livelihood and income-earning prospects for themselves and their families.
Women’s empowerment and gender equality must be given the highest order of prioritization, as well as be mainstreamed with benchmarks across all other areas.
The post-2015 development agenda should advance SRHR by:
• Accelerating implementation of universal access to quality, comprehensive sexual and reproductive information, education and services throughout the life-cycle with emphasis on: access to family planning and a wide range of contraceptives, counseling and services related to maternal health, HIV and STI, prevention or early detection of non-communicable diseases of the reproductive system; access to affordable supplies; integration of services, especially of those related to HIV with other SRH services, as well as with responses to violence against women and girls and sexual abuse of boys and men; technological innovations where feasible as a low-cost means of increasing access to information and services; and ensuring financial access, within the context of global trends towards universal health coverage, through free or subsidized care and the removal of user fees.
• Providing recognition and protections in national legislation that affirm fundamental human rights, specifically sexual and reproductive rights, and guaranteeing people’s ability to exercise these rights, and to access relevant information and services, without discrimination, coercion or violence on any grounds, regardless of age, sex, race, ethnicity, culture, religious, marital, disability, HIV, national origin, migrant, language, sexual orientation, gender identity or other factors and status.

Anonymous from Array
Son las 11.47 am de Lun, Enero 14, 2013

IPPF believes that the drivers and enablers of poverty reduction and sustainable development should be cross cutting across all of the goals. This means ensuring that all the goals are implemented in a framework that respects human rights, empowerment, justice, and gender equality. The future development framework should consider the contribution that health and education policies make towards sustainable social and economic growth. For example polices that increase access to reproductive health services and increase gender equality particularly those that increase women’s access to education and participation in the work place can have a significant impact on accelerating economic growth. Sustainability is ensured only when policies are applied from a human rights based approach: accountability, participation, non-discrimination and empowerment. In that sense, human rights should be seen as an integral part of these drivers and enablers.

Anonymous from Array
Son las 11.15 pm de Sáb, Enero 12, 2013

Placing the most marginalised and exploited at the centre of discussions would address all these dimensions and many more. If the UN is truly interested in poverty eradication it needs to lead by example in building policies around the everyday challenges and wishes of the poorest. There are 213 million child labourers worldwide. Child labour is so multifaceted; involving the choices made by parents (mothers) in extreme poverty, who themselves have restricted reproductive rights and limited/no employment prospects. A focus on the rights of children ensures development is sustainable and long-lasting; providing the greatest return on investment. Child rights must be prioritised and support offered to governments in honouring commitments made through the UN Convention for the Rights of the Child and ILO Conventions 138 and 182. This should include regulation and law enforcement for the elimination of child labour, particularly in agriculture and informal industries. Children must be withdrawn from work; provided with adequate rehabilitation, access to healthcare and education.

An over-focus on poverty eradication is not going to work unless the root causes of poverty are addressed in the next generation. Poverty eradication is idealistic and may fall in direct conflict with a 'sustainable development' approach. For instance it could be argued that a switch from fossil fuels to green mechanisms is an investment that could otherwise be spent on economic development or poverty eradication programmes. Therefore the post-MDG agenda should realise these conflicts up front and have longer term aspirations for the greater good. It should focus on the rights and priorities of the poorest of the poor. Child labour is unique in placing responsibility at both ends (and throughout) supply chains. True corporate social responsibility should be sought and enforced by educating people of their rights and empowering them to hold multinational corporations to account for the environment and their employees.

Anonymous from Array
Son las 01.54 am de Sáb, Enero 12, 2013

As a member of the Beyond 2015 campaign, Restless Development supports their call for the following to be addressed in a new framework: Root causes of poverty and injustice in all countries, Inequity and inequality, Environmental sustainability.

We also think the inclusion of youth as a cross-cutting issue across all dimensions of poverty and development will have a positive impact on addressing the above as this demographic is disproportionately affected by poverty across all indicators and thus youth are key stakeholders in the success of a new framework.Regarding economic growth, Restless Development believes there must be a key focus on regulated, employment-related growth to ensure vulnerable groups affected by poverty have access to a sustainable means of generating income. Youth unemployment is at an all-time high, and unemployment rates are predicted to rise in the developing world over the next 5 years where the global youth population is concentrated. If economic growth is not directed towards job creation for young people, it will widen social and economic gaps, and undermine social cohesion, as evidenced by the recent financial crisis.On inequality, we support the approach taken by the Beyond2015 campaign. If the new framework is to have long-term impact, young people as the largest demographic bar none must see themselves as rights-holders in the process, included in the design and implementation of the new framework and invested in and empowered by their involvement in this.Restless Development echoes the concerns of Beyond 2015 regarding the promotion of a narrow definition of poverty eradication. Too often this term does not acknowledge poverty as an interdependent issue and relates to a vision of actions and commitments focused on the global south, side-lining the importance of commitments that must be made in the global north if this end is to be achieved. Therefore we believe that the overall focus of the framework, as suggested by Beyond2015 should be a ‘positive vision of equitable and sustainable development’ including but not limited to poverty eradication. Building on this, we believe there must be a unified process and set of goals integrating poverty eradication and environmental sustainability into one framework.

Anonymous from Array
Son las 11.59 pm de Vie, Enero 11, 2013

The lack of care and protection facing children is a global crisis with billions of children experiencing abuse, neglect or exploitation, and many millions growing up outside of families, on the streets or in harmful institutional care. This lack of care and protection is both a cause and consequence of inequity. Family for Every Child urges that in order to effectively and fully address the dimensions of social equality and equity, the post-MDG framework must respond to the pervasive links between equity and child protection. The framework must ensure stronger and more equitable children protection systems with action against discrimination for children who are not adequately cared for and protection.
Children without adequate care and protection are commonly stigmatized, and have inequitable access to education, health, social protection and justice. For example, gender norms make girls especially vulnerable to sexual abuse and exploitation, early marriage and domestic work, and boys to hazardous child labour and detention. Children with disabilities, from ethnic minorities or living with or affected by HIV are more likely than their peers to suffer from a loss of care and protection, and income inequalities increase exposure to child labour and institutionalisation. A self-perpetuating spiral is evident: social and economic inequalities increase exposure to inadequate care and protection. This inadequate care and protection exacerbates inequity and diminishes children’s life chances.
Specific recommendations to break this spiral in the new framework include:
1. Reduce the inequalities that lead to inadequate care and protection, particularly through efforts relating to gender, disability, ethnicity, HIV and poverty reduction, all of which have a major impact on children’s care and protection.
2. Invest in stronger and more equitable child protection systems by calling on national governments and UN agencies to ensure that strengthening child protection systems and prioritizing family-strengthening programs is a key part of development agendas and national plans of action.
3. Reduce the inequalities faced by children without adequate care and protection by encouraging national governments to monitor child protection systems to ensure that children are not discriminated against on the grounds of gender, disability, HIV, ethnicity or any other status.

Anonymous from Array
Son las 11.59 pm de Vie, Enero 11, 2013

A post-2015 development framework must be a sustainable development framework to be successful in meeting any goals, including the crucial goal of poverty eradication. All development must be sustainable development to ensure long-term, intergenerational solutions that address root causes of poverty and inequality. But, a sustainable development framework must be true to its full breadth and depth of meaning. When first articulated in the lead up to the 1992 Rio Earth Summit, sustainable development clearly outlined 3 pillars: social, environmental and economic development. The pillars are still key to sustainable development, and they must be thought of as dimensions that interlink and overlap. A fourth dimension of peace and security should be considered to further capture a vision of the future where peace, equality, equity, tolerance, respect for human rights and the environment, sufficient natural and economic resources and health are the norm – a future without poverty, war, discrimination, environmental degradation and rampant inequality.

A prerequisite to sustainable development is gender equality. Efforts to achieve sustainable development and gender equality must be undertaken in tandem, from a human rights perspective that addresses root causes of inequalities (social and economic) and environmental degradation.

A new framework for development – sustainable development – cannot be heavily weighted toward “environment” any more than other pillars (especially economic, as has been the trend): the international community has tended to equate sustainable development with environmental sustainability, which creates a false divide between ‘development’ and ‘sustainable development’ and is detrimental to common goals for an equitable world.

A new framework also cannot be weighted heavily to economic growth as the answer to poverty eradication. Without also focusing on social development – human rights, gender equality, indigenous rights, education, sexual and reproductive rights and health, to name a few – and environmental sustainability – halting environmental degradation from mining, carbon emissions, overfishing, fertilizers and altering harmful production and consumption patterns – a goal of economic growth will exacerbate inequalities and speed the destruction of our natural resources, pushing the earth past critical planetary boundaries, and poverty will be further entrenched the world over.

Anonymous from Array
Son las 11.40 pm de Vie, Enero 11, 2013

In the view of the Center for Economic and Social Rights (CESR), the post-2015 framework should reflect a comprehensive and integrated vision of sustainable human development that recognizes as its ultimate goal the full realization of the human rights—civil, political, economic, social and cultural—of all members of the human family. A focus on poverty eradication should remain at the core of the development agenda, but as UN human rights bodies have stressed, poverty must be understood and addressed as a human condition characterized by the sustained or chronic deprivation of the resources, capabilities, choices, security and power necessary for the enjoyment of an adequate standard of living and other civil, cultural, economic, political and social rights (UN Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, 2001).

Anonymous from Array
Son las 11.34 pm de Vie, Enero 11, 2013

The focus of the new framework needs to be on economic, social and political justice which would help in addressing the structural causes of poverty. This would not only reduce poverty but empower the poor as well. The right based approach to development is a prerequisite in order to ensure every person to live a life of dignity and freedom from want and fear.

Anonymous from Array
Son las 11.29 pm de Vie, Enero 11, 2013

The Episcopal Church (www.episcopalchurch.org) consists of 2 million members and is present in 16 countries. It is one of 38 member provinces of the Anglican Communion. The Millennium Development Goals have been a mission priority since 2006. In July 2012, the Church’s main governing body, General Convention, reaffirmed by Resolution that the MDGs will remain an ongoing mission priority for its next triennium, 2012-2015.

In addition to poverty eradication, it is helpful to consider the trajectory by which various countries have developed over the last half century. Those who have experienced the greatest development have been guided by export-led growth, particularly in Asia. As these countries have developed, they have been able to invest in infrastructure and education. Some are now becoming not only export driven economies, but also service economies.

Anonymous from Array
Son las 11.29 pm de Vie, Enero 11, 2013

Given that women continue to be more likely to live in poverty than men, the new framework must go beyond poverty eradication and address broader structural causes of poverty including gender inequality, gender-based discrimination and denial of human rights.

While the economic, social and environmental dimensions of development should be addressed in the new framework, social equality and equity issues should be cross cutting themes underpinning the new set of goals in order to promote a people-centred approach to development and greater economic justice. The World YWCA also highlighst the inadequacies of a focus on economic growth that only takes into account the paid goods and services of a nation and fails to recognise the significant contribution made to development through volunteerism and the unpaid caregiving economy.

We also believe that framing goals and targets around poverty eradication is limiting and would be better focused on ensuring a decent living standard or meaningful livelihood for all human beings. This would seek to promote greater access to resources, land, property, technology and innovation for people, and particularly women who are currently denied these rights.

Anonymous from Array
Son las 11.25 pm de Vie, Enero 11, 2013

Economic growth, equity, social equality and environmental sustainability can be addressed all together under the same Objective – quality education for boys and girls. Universal education is achievable; however quality in education is an ambitious goal. If boys and girls in primary and higher education are given the right tools and knowledge necessary to develop themselves, their community and our world, then the future will be an entire different scenario than the one we are actually living in. By teaching them about current important issues and make them reflect on them and come up with solutions, by implementing equity and social equality in schools programs and national policies and by promoting sustainability on the local, regional and national level; young boys and girls will learn from all these actions and implement them in a way that will reflect on economic growth, among themselves, their community, country and eventually global economic growth.

Anonymous from Array
Son las 11.23 pm de Vie, Enero 11, 2013

From the way the question is posed it is quite clear that a multi-disciplinary approach is required to achieve this goal. We believe that it is through
collaboration with the thematic consultations this web platform is already leading on themes such as population; education;
food and nutrition that we can
effectively incorporate all of the suggestions we outline here and the many more not discussed.

Focusing on poverty eradication does encompass some of the themes we have just outlined yet focusing on poverty alone will not solve the problem.

We should move away from a culture of benevolence-based action to one of evidence-based action. Current MDG1 looking at eradicating poverty has mainly
focusing on achieving poverty eradication. However, the problems that we face to meet this MDG are too complex to be solved solely by aid, we have to tackle
the social, economic and infrastructural problems if we want to make change.

There needs to be sufficient focus on addressing inequalities, as reductions in poverty on a national scale do not necessarily reflect equal distribution of wealth and countries can make significant economic progress whilst the poorest populations remain poor.

In addition, action must be taken to improve population well-being, which is largely determined by the conditions in which people are born, grow up, work and live. The introduction of an international measure on wellbeing would be a first step along this path and should accompany policies that increase individual and community resilience, break the cycle of poverty and deprivation and protect vulnerable populations through the redistribution of wealth, upholding human rights and promoting empowerment.

Luther-King Fasehun from Array
Son las 11.03 pm de Vie, Enero 11, 2013

Dr Luther-King Fasehun
The Wellbeing Foundation Africa

There can hardly be a singular framework that can address the multiple dimensions of economic growth, equity, social equality, and environmental sustainability. The interactions between these dimensions are just too complex for such an attempted simplification.

Economic growth should be addressed in a tri-pedal mode of GDP; GNI per-capita; and percentage of people living below the poverty line.

Equity and social equity should be measured in a framework of access to basics like education, health, justice and social amenities (eg. utilities), irrespective of gender, sexual orientation, age, marital status, and income level.

Environmental sustainability should be measured in the context of carbon dioxide emissions (ie, percentage reductions); reforestation practices; and recycle rate of materials.

European Youth Forum from Array
Son las 11.01 pm de Vie, Enero 11, 2013

In the view of the European Youth Forum the future MDGs should be clustered around:
• Human Development, Security and Poverty Eradication for all people
• Governance and Participation
• Natural resources use and cross sectoral development area
These heading could include, economic growth moving beyond GDP, equity, social equality and environmental sustainability, together with peace and security and human rights, democracy and governance. The future MDGs should go beyond eradication of extreme poverty, whilst this should be its base line, to ensure that all people have the chance to have a decent life. The new framework should therefore adopt a rights-based approach for all people and not just a needs approach for the poorest, this includes principles such as respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms, equality, solidarity, sustainability, decent work, peace and security, and democratic governance. These should be the direction of the new framework and the elements along which the new global goals and targets should be shaped.Furthermore, we believe that only through an effective global partnership for development, founded on adequate systems of global responsibility and accountability, combined with coherent and coordinated policies at the local, national, regional and global levels that tackle the structural root causes of poverty, we will be able to ensure that all people have the chance to have a decent life.

Anonymous from Array
Son las 10.19 pm de Vie, Enero 11, 2013

The new sustainable development framework could address the dimensions of economic growth, equity, social equality and environmental sustainability in the following ways-

a) By simply acknowledging the challenge and need for action to address
- environmental limits and planetary boundaries in a world with a large, growing human population, perhaps using the ecological footprint or similar as a broad top level measure;
- social inequity and a lack of a basic level of human needs for 20% of people on this planet;
- global financial crises and the opportunity to generate a green economy.

b) By stating a simple inspirational vision and set of SDGs to address these four dimensions that the world can understand and take action on. BioRegional would call this vision one planet living that is- a world in which people can live happy, healthy lives within their fair share of the world’s resources, wherever we live in the world, leaving sufficient space for wildlife and wilderness.

An overall focus on poverty eradication is not sufficiently broad to capture the range of sustainable development issues.

Anonymous from Array
Son las 10.02 pm de Vie, Enero 11, 2013

As outlined in our report Ending Poverty in our Generation the next framework must be focused on poverty eradication & action to improve the quality of life of the world’s poorest & most marginalised people. It must focus on pervasive & intractable challenges; boosting inclusive economic growth while managing the environment & preventing rising inequality, realisation of people’s rights in the most fragile states, & how to tackle long-standing social conventions that discriminate against women & girls. To do this, the economic, social & environmental dimensions of poverty must be recognised & addressed in a balanced & integrated manner.
We caution against focusing on economic growth as this may not lead to poverty reduction. It can worsen inequality, undermine social cohesion & accelerate the decline of the resource base. A better focus would be sustainable & inclusive economic growth. Defining the economic aspects of the framework in these terms would contribute to building a more integrated approach to human development.
The new framework must include an explicit commitment to pursue an equitable approach to development. We propose a target to reduce income inequality within countries by targeting the hardest to reach through zero goals & ensuring data is disaggregated to enable monitoring of progress against all goal areas across vulnerable & disadvantaged groups. We also call for universal health care and an end to hunger & malnutrition. While zero goals are the most powerful way to ensure universality, to ensure that they are equitable, we propose indicators for monitoring progress in targeting the hardest to reach & the bridging of gaps between different groups & individuals.
We recognise environmental sustainability is important for delivering the permanent human development outcomes we need & propose a goal aimed at restoring & safeguarding the natural resource base, enabling sustainable consumption & production patterns, addressing the environmental causes of ill health & climate change. However, this only goes so far in delivering integration & does little to address the risk that activities undertaken under other goals may undermine environmental sustainability & compromise the potential to eradicate poverty forever. One solution would be to ensure that each goal contains environmental (& social) dimensions to them. For example in our Hunger Goal we suggest targets on sustainable food production & distribution & sustainable water use.

Vladimir Cuk from Array
Son las 09.49 pm de Vie, Enero 11, 2013

In accordance with Paragraph 135 of the Rio +20 Outcome Document, governments must commit to promote sustainable development policies that support inclusive housing and social services; a safe and healthy living environment for all, particularly, persons with disabilities.

For global development framework to be successful in promoting productive capacity and decent work it has to include persons with disabilities in order to effectively eradicate poverty and to promote sustainable and equitable economic growth. Persons with disabilities can effectively participate in workforce if barriers are removed and reasonable accommodation is provided. Particular focus needs to be made to women with disabilities, since they are frequently facing additional barriers to skilled training, employment and livelihood opportunities.

Social security programmes in developing countries have given little attention to persons with disabilities. Persons with disabilities are typically considered incapable of working and thus economically dependent. In the new framework this has to be challenged. The direct and extra cost linked to disability has to be taken into consideration when designing social protection mechanism. The social protection floor initiative adopted by ILO is also particular reference for persons with disabilities in view of their overrepresentation among the poorest in society.

Anonymous from Array
Son las 09.13 pm de Vie, Enero 11, 2013

The new framework should revive the most important document issued by the UN , the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. The articles of this declaration contain all the elements necessary to achieve both economic and social equality , further reduce poverty and prevent its future escalation as well as providing an appropriate frame work for dealing with all the sustainable development issues.
We suggest that the fulfillment of the Declaration Articles be presented as the goal for the next 10 years. Each member nation would be asked to subscribe to the fulfillment of the Declaration Articles over the course of the next 10 years, report annually on where they stand on each article of the declaration, the progress they have made during the year and their plans for the coming year. The declaration would also form the underlying basis of all programs of the UN during the next 10 years. Each UN program would have to describe how its plans and accomplishments further the implementation of the Declaration.
A new and important activity of the UN would be to develop a professional body who would work with each member nation which desires UN assistance in implementing the articles of the Declaration. As psychologists we recognize that for the successful implementation of the articles by member governments the articles must be aligned with the culture of the country and the region. We also recognize that within each nation, as well as within the UN there are multi stake-holders who will have a voice in successfully implementing the Declaration. Therefore we recognize that sustainable change occurs gradually and will require the intervention of UN diplomats who are aware of the psychological dynamics involved in developing alignment of the articles of the Declaration with the culture of the nation. The discipline of psychology has a great deal of research and experience in aligning the needs of disparate stakeholders to achieve consensus and work toward a common goal. We recommend that the UN make use of this expertise as they work toward the implementation of the Declaration.
The advantage of using the Universal Declaration of Human Rights as the framework for the post – 2015 Development Agenda is that it has already been accepted and has an iconic standing in the consciousness of the people of the world. This will increase the motivation of all involved to bring about its fulfillment within their lifetime.

Katy Woods from Array
Son las 09.04 pm de Vie, Enero 11, 2013

White Ribbon Alliance for Safe Motherhood

A focus on poverty eradication is absolutely critical in addressing the dimensions of economic growth, equity, social equality and environmental sustainability, and to focus on poverty eradication, health must be the cornerstone of the framework. To take this further, women's health must be the central focus in setting out the agenda for poverty eradication. We know that when we invest in the health of mothers, there is a direct correlation with the health of her family and the economic prosperity of her community.

Anonymous from Array
Son las 08.51 pm de Vie, Enero 11, 2013

Inequality reduces the absolute incomes and well-being of the poorest and most vulnerable. Evidence increasingly contradicts the argument that rising inequality was an unfortunate but necessary side effect of economic growth, and that eventually the “trickle down” to the poor would increase their incomes.
The group that suffers most from this stark inequity is children, who are disproportionately represented in the bottom income quintile: over a quarter of all children in the world are located in this bottom 20%. This is associated with a severe lagging in their well-being.
The most vulnerable children are those who not only fall in the bottom income gap, but who are also discriminated against on the basis of caste, ethnicity, gender, language, race, religion, among other characteristics.
To address this situation, World Vision recommends to:
• Name equity as one of the major development challenges.
• Address inequality across the enhanced set of goals. Measures to combat inequality must be woven throughout the goals. A single goal on inequality would miss the point that it is multidimensional, mutually reinforcing and can‘t be tackled in isolation.
• Frame global goals around universal access to quality services. The goals should include ending absolute poverty and ensuring universal access to health, education, protection and other essential social services, particularly for children.
• Set targets at the regional, national and sub- national levels, such that they are owned by governments, are sensitive to context and can address inequalities between and within countries.
• Set indicators that ensure the most vulnerable are being reached. We support a combination of indicators tracking absolute progress in well-being for the poorest/most vulnerable; and indicators tracking relative progress in well-being for the poorest/most vulnerable.
• Involve communities in holding governments to account. This can contribute to overcoming this challenge, particularly in fragile contexts, where there are gaps in official statistics due to a lack of capacity or political will.
• Recognise that investing in children is the key to escaping inequality traps. Looking at the most effective ways of tackling inequality, World Vision believes early interventions and investment in vulnerable children is the surest way of helping them break out of the inequality trap.

Anonymous from Array
Son las 08.27 pm de Vie, Enero 11, 2013

As highlighted above, the new framework needs to be underpinned by democratic institutions designed to prevent the capture of national and international agendas by narrow vested interests. The focus of the new framework needs to be on economic, social and political justice as the drivers of development rather than being limited to the eradication of extreme poverty.

Anonymous from Array
Son las 07.53 pm de Vie, Enero 11, 2013

The new sustainable development framework must enable a focus on the poorest, most marginalised groups, such as persons with disabilities, ensuring their effective participation in all stages of the process including in the negotiation phase, through to participation at national and local levels in policy design, programme delivery and monitoring. The framework needs to be driven by the rights-based approach, with equality and non-discrimination as priority themes. To ensure this leads to concrete action, there should be a stand-alone goal on equality and non-discrimination with targets to achieve de facto equality, as well as the obligations to pursue these principles across the new framework. The current understanding and definition of poverty, progress and development should be revised so that it goes beyond income, consumption and wealth and genuinely accounts for promotion of environmental sustainability.

The new framework has to be inclusive of persons with disabilities and compliant with the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD), which entered into force in 2008 and is ratified today by 127 countries. It is the only human rights treaty with a stand-alone article (article 32) on international cooperation which calls on all State Parties to ensure that international cooperation programmes and policies are accessible for and inclusive of persons with disabilities. As established by article 32 of the CRPD, all projects and programmes, whether mainstream or disability specific, have to be compliant with the CRPD, and promote the rights and full and effective participation for persons with disabilities, including by supporting the work of representative organizations of persons with disabilities

Nicole Bjerler from Array
Son las 07.52 pm de Vie, Enero 11, 2013

Amnesty International

The post-2015 development agenda must lead to the effective and sustainable improvement of the situation of the most disadvantaged. The High Level Panel should therefore call for a clear commitment to ensure that development is inclusive, contributes to ending discrimination, guarantees gender equality and prioritises disadvantaged groups.

This should include (a) a commitment that governments identify which groups are facing discrimination or particular barriers in realizing their rights and ensure that development efforts are designed and implemented in a way that focuses on removing these barriers and on improving the lives of the most disadvantaged; (b) prioritization of the most disadvantaged groups in reforms to law, policy and practice, and take effective measures to end discriminatory measures such as violence against women and denial of sexual and reproductive rights; (c) a requirement that States develop separate targets within national targets for the realization of economic, social and cultural rights for particular groups who face discrimination and disadvantage, monitor these targets, and collect data on the realization of economic, social and cultural rights that is disaggregated on the basis of gender and for other groups identified as facing discrimination and (d) priority for disadvantaged groups in the allocation of resources from national funding and international assistance.

Anonymous from Array
Son las 07.37 pm de Vie, Enero 11, 2013

These issues are intertwined. FORUM recognises that there will be considerable debate regarding the primary focus of the post 2015 Development Framework, in particular how to balance poverty eradication, human rights, social inclusiveness, equality, and sustainable development. FORUM believes that sustainable development encompasses the social, spiritual, cultural and economic well-being of people and involves the use of all resources for the benefit of the future as well as present generations.

Development cannot be considered separately from social justice, peace, human rights and a sustainable environment.

The compilation of the 239 responses in the first global online civil society consultation alone, has resulted in the identification of 7 major priorities. Whatever the outcome of the debate on the prioritisation of these critical issues, FORUM, and its 21 member networks and organisations working across the globe, are committed to people-centred development, believing, in the words of the Secretary General’s report to the UN in July 2012, that ’Volunteerism should be an integral part of the post-2015 development framework. The mainstreaming of volunteer engagement will ensure that people are placed at the heart of sustainable peace and development efforts.” (A/67/153) Volunteerism is a renewable global asset with huge potential to make a difference to the world’s most pressing issues, now and in the future.

Cliff Allum (Skillshare, Forum member) Gill Greer (VSA Forum member) Christina Jenkins ( Forum) Jean Tan (Singapore International Forum member)

Anonymous from Array
Son las 06.59 pm de Vie, Enero 11, 2013

One of the recurring themes in the debate about the post2015 agenda is the role that growth and employment issues should have within it. An argument which is often made is that without the inclusion of growth, the MDGs embody a flawed understanding of how development takes place. Whilst growth is fundamental to the process of development, we propose that the new framework be based on achieving inclusive and sustainable growth. Inclusive growth should be based on the consideration of distributional issues when analysing the impact of growth, particularly in relation to historically disenfranchised communities who suffer from descent-based discrimination. Sustainable growth, on the other hand, acknowledges the environmental impacts of economic activity, and seeks to reconcile growth with the need to reduce pressure on natural resources like water, land and energy. The post2015 framework should set the stage for new development partnerships premised on alignment with these principles.

The post2015 should promote common measures to address the systemic causes of deprivation shared by socially excluded groups. This includes developing quality public services with a focus on improving access for socially excluded groups; creating a common mechanism to highlight and address the discriminations they face on a daily basis. They should promote disaggregated planning to support groups in overcoming their specific disadvantages. This includes supporting their political empowerment through affirmative action, and addressing systemic factors that prevent them from accessing social and economic opportunities–tenure insecurity, the lack of access to credit, for example. Furthermore, because gender acts as an added vulnerability, group-specific planning should include targeted measures to address the vulnerabilities of women. To summarise
1. Embed targets into the existing human rights framework
2. Call on governments to frame policies, planned around systemic vulnerabilities of the group
3. Link policy targets with the requirement to report group-wise progress on the goals with a gender disaggregation for each group
4. Go beyond opening spaces for consultation with civil society organisations and involve those it aims to serve in the planning, implementation and review of the new framework by meeting them in their own spaces and through their own representatives
5. All goals and targets set should be accompanied by clear financial plan to ensure implementation

ADDISE DUBE from Array
Son las 06.31 pm de Vie, Enero 11, 2013

The framework should focus on three pillars-economic,social and environmental dimensions- and thematic areas. As already drafted these can be used with improvements .Under each pillar crosscutting issues can be considered to address the pillars and the themes.

Anonymous from Array
Son las 06.28 pm de Vie, Enero 11, 2013

The focus on poverty eradication excludes away the necessity of change in developed countries where poverty is less diffused.

Additionally while poverty is being eradicated to great extents in several emerging countries, a path which is opposite to the sustainable development path has been undertaken by some of those countries.

A focus on behavioral change would include both developed and developing countries where action is required. The issues they experience are different in nature but link back to behavioral rationales. Change in behaviors of production and consumption are required to bring the planet back on to a sustainable path

Lyric Thompson from Array
Son las 06.18 pm de Vie, Enero 11, 2013

As outlined in the previous section, development policymakers have, historically, paid greater attention to women's reproductive than to their productive roles. This emphasis has tended to direct resources for women in developing countries disproportionately into family planning instead of support for women's economic or productive roles or for environmental protection. It has also deflected attention away from other critical causes of poverty and environmental degradation such as structural inequalities of gender and class, market failures, and inappropriate policies. Neglected, for example, are the important linkages between women's land rights, development, and sustainability. Women’s restricted land rights undermine women's productivity and earnings and their incentives and ability to sustain land and other natural resources.
Within the new development framework’s emphasis on poverty eradication, attention must be paid to these essential issues of structural and social inequalities, in order to address root causes of the twin challenges of poverty and environmental degradation. In the current context of declining foreign assistance budgets, the objective of strengthening women's land rights should have wide appeal because it simultaneously addresses poverty, environmental protection, demographic objectives, and women's health and social status, and is both concrete and measurable. Additional resources directed toward each of these areas and the social sectors in general would both benefit women and promote sustainable development.

Simon Ross from Array
Son las 06.49 pm de Vie, Enero 11, 2013

Women's empowerment, including land rights, is important. However, it is not true that family planning has been well funded in recent years. Over 200 million women would like to delay or avoid pregnancy but do not use modern family planning. Investment in family planning actually increases the effective aid budget by reducing the cost of unplanned pregnancies in terms of health, education and other services. Moreover, family planning, by enabling women to avoid unplanned pregnancies, strongly contributes to women's social and economic empowerment. It is also a strong contributor to addressing poverty and environmental degradation. It is highly inappropriate to see spending on family planning as anything but a fundamental driver of women's empowerment.

Simon Ross
Population Matters

Anonymous from Array
Son las 05.47 pm de Vie, Enero 11, 2013

Disability should be mainstreamed across all post-2015 development goals. In practice this would mean: Specific targets relating to the needs of disabled people within each of the goals; Disability-specific indicators across all areas; Specific measures to address the barriers (physical, information, communication, attitudinal) experienced by persons with disabilities while accessing services; A requirement to collect and monitor disaggregated data showing the impact of efforts for each goal on marginalised disabled people; Holding governments and donors to account when progress is insufficient. Policymakers should ask themselves: ‘Could a programme being delivered under this framework be judged successful, if it did not include disabled people?’

The post-2015 development agenda should be rooted within international rights frameworks, drawing on the same fundamental values and supporting national governments to meet their obligations within those instruments, including the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities.

There should be flexibility within the post-2015 framework so that while the accountability in goals and targets is maintained, individual countries are able to identify meaningful, achievable but ambitious targets. At the same time, it will be important to ensure that there is room for funding and support for issues not specifically highlighted within the post-2015 development goals, in order to support the wider development process.

Leonard Cheshire Disability (LCD) works towards a society in which every disabled person can enjoy their rights and has the opportunity to fulfil their potential. LCD is a member of the BOND Disability and Development Group (DDG) which brings together UK-based mainstream and disability-specific organisations to ensure that disabled people’s concerns are addressed at the highest level. This answer is based on a paper prepared collectively by the DDG.

Anders Hylander from Array
Son las 05.46 pm de Vie, Enero 11, 2013

Input from HelpAge International:

Given rapid population ageing and the rise of multigenerational households, a more inclusive approach is urgently needed for the post-2015 framework. A sustainable development framework must include better age, sex and disability measurement of national and community disaster risk management systems and resilience. The post-2015 Hyogo Framework for Action provides a starting point for this. The most successful countries will be those who take advantage of this ageing dividend and at the same time guarantee the rights and protection of all people across the life course.
To address the dimensions of economic growth, equity, social equality and environmental sustainability, HelpAge International is calling for the post-2015 development framework to take forward the universal adoption of social protection floors, to ensure income and health services across the life course; equal access to appropriate livelihood opportunities and access to livelihood support for people of all ages; and national and community disaster risk management systems that include people of all ages.
A growing body of evidence from low- and middle-income countries indicates that social protection floors significantly reduce income poverty, increase human capital development, enhance economic growth and reduce inequalities. This approach should feature more prominently as a key strategy in national development planning and in the design of the post-2015 development agenda.
The concept of social protection floors covers a variety of interventions such as pensions and grants for children, older people and for families that can provide a guaranteed minimum level of income. This not only tackles income poverty but also provides effective support for broader developmental objectives and is proven to reduce poverty and vulnerability. The concept also aligns with explicit universal human rights standards and the values of equity and sustainability, with definition of clear guarantees without prescribing particular policy options. It also takes a life course approach, including guarantee of income security in old age.
Investment in social protection floors needs to go hand in hand with support for appropriate livelihood opportunities and assets. As populations age, more attention must be given to encourage and retain older people in the workforce.

Anonymous from Array
Son las 05.46 pm de Vie, Enero 11, 2013

The rights based approach to development was obscured in the MDG framework as a result of the focus on sectoral targets and on volumes of aid, rather than the systemic changes needed to ensure people’s development rights. This has meant that the underlying causes of the exclusion and disadvantage of marginalised disabled people was not addressed within the framework. Despite this, we have seen a great deal of progress on disability rights over the past decade, with the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (UNCRPD) coming in to force in 2008, which has now been ratified by 124 countries. This has paved the way for the introduction of national disability legislation aimed at tackling discrimination, promoting inclusion and addressing the specific needs of disabled people.

There should be a clear focus on equality, equity and discrimination in the post-2015 framework. This would mean adopting a stand-alone goal on equality and discrimination, as well as the integration of non-discrimination principles and obligations in all sectors. The UNICEF/WHO Joint Monitoring Programme’s Equity and Non-Discrimination Working Group has put forward several practical recommendations for addressing equality across all goals, including a five point ‘Equality Checklist’ which was developed for monitoring Water, Sanitation and Hygiene programmes, but which could be applied to any sector. The fifth point asks: ‘Do goals, targets, and indicators attend to the impacts of individual-related inequalities that are relevant in every country of the globe, such as those based on sex/gender, age, disability, and health conditions imposing access constraints—as they are experienced both inside and beyond the household?’

Leonard Cheshire Disability (LCD) works towards a society in which every disabled person can enjoy their rights and has the opportunity to fulfil their potential. LCD is a member of the BOND Disability and Development Group (DDG) which brings together UK-based mainstream and disability-specific organisations to ensure that disabled people’s concerns are addressed at the highest level. This answer is based on a paper prepared collectively by the DDG.

Elaine Geyer-Allely from Array
Son las 05.01 pm de Vie, Enero 11, 2013

WWF International
While WWF fully aligns with the call to “end poverty in our time”, it is equally clear to us that achieving this is not possible within a framework that does not clearly incorporate the role of natural resources and ecosystems for meeting the needs of a growing population. We are currently exceeding the Planet’s annual replenishment capacity (Living Planet Report 2012). There is a growing likelihood of accelerating or abrupt changes of major significance for human wellbeing, including disease emergence, unpredictable water availability, the collapse of fisheries, and shifts in regional climate (MEA, 2005). At the same time, economic imbalances and growing inequality across and within countries risk reversing the development gains (UNDP Human Development Report 2011). The World Economic Forum places water and food shortages at the pinnacle of societal risks over the next ten years (WEF, 2012).
Failing to address these trends will affect people across the globe. But the largest impact by far will be on the rural and urban poor, manifested in unstable, inequitable access to food, energy, and safe water; insecure livelihoods; greater marginalisation of women; and competition and conflict across sectors and political borders over land, water, and other limited resources. The poorest communities are also the most vulnerable to shocks and disasters, health impacts from pollution, “environmental migration” and lost development opportunities.
Poverty reduction in and of itself is insufficient to create the systemic, long-term change required to build the Future we Want. It is possible to reduce poverty in the short term by over-exploiting the natural environment on which we all depend but the long-term consequences of these actions are unsustainable. A new development framework has to be more holistic and long term.
The future development agenda and goals must support a different approach by focusing and driving action on key drivers for environmentally sustainable and socially and economically inclusive growth, including by: embedding the value of biodiversity and ecosystems services to human well-being in public and private decision making; redesigning laws, policies, institutions and public participation and accountability mechanisms to ensure sustainable, equitable access to, and benefits from, natural resources; and shifting away from resource-intensive, wasteful consumption and production patterns.

Anonymous from Array
Son las 04.57 pm de Vie, Enero 11, 2013

The new framework needs to be holistic, integrated and multi-faceted.  In order to achieve poverty alleviation in a sustainable way it is important to incorporate various dimensions of economic growth, equity, social equality, and environment sustainability.  In 2015, roughly 920 million people would still be living under the international poverty line of $1.25 a day, as adjusted by the World Bank in 2008. Poverty eradication is not broad enough and the new framework needs to be comprehensive and address the following:

1). Good and transparent governance while placing effective safeguards against corruption. This should also include institutional and legal framework which tailors to the basic needs of everyone in the society, such as health, education; sanitation, housing, and employment.  They are key prerequisites for sustainability.  Finally, sound macro and fiscal policies play an important role in providing important resources to the poor.  The framework should include a mechanism for countries to enforce sound policies. 
2). It is important to look at increasing productivity and reducing unemployment rate while improving the working conditions and enforcing fair wages for all segments of the society. It is pivotal that the poor have access to these opportunities.
3). It is imperative to focus on the youth. Providing them with proper training and skill sets especially in the field of technology.
4). Growth in rural areas is essential. Therefore, development in rural areas should focus on advancing agriculture, small and medium size enterprises and access to market is the key.
5). Promotion of human rights and democracy is also critical.
6). It is important to recognize cultural specificity while addressing poverty.
7). Social inequalities in gender, ethnicity, disability, age or other lines impede growth therefore these need to be addressed through a holistic approach.
8). Environment related stress including drought, famine, floods, and earthquakes exacerbates existing development problems. It is important to incorporate disaster management in the framework.
9). Addressing poverty in countries with armed conflicts requires special attention and should be included in the frame work. 
10). The framework should address the impact of globalization on the economies.

Name: Fakhia Rashid
Organization: Human Development Foundation
Title: Executive Director
Email: FRashid@HDF.com
Web: www.HDF.com
Telephone: 847-490-0100

Anonymous from Array
Son las 04.57 pm de Vie, Enero 11, 2013

It is widely acknowledged that the problem of inequality within societies is in many ways a greater problem for the future than the gross disparities of wealth between nations: 75 per cent of poor people now live in middle income countries. Therefore a new framework needs to provide a means of tracking reduction in inequalities within countries as well as between countries. This accords with the views expressed by churches and agencies brought together by the Anglican Alliance that middle and high income countries all have a responsibility to overcome the poverty and injustice within their own communities.
Yet there is a risk that the focus on inequality within middle and higher income countries could divert attention from dealing with the very high levels of poverty within small nations, some of which are active participants within the Anglican Alliance. For example the most recent global figures show that in 2005 Zambia had 68.5 per cent of its population living on less than $1.25 a day, about 8,000,000 people two thirds of the population of the country. However, serious though these figures were for Zambia and Zambians, they accounted for only 0.58 per cent of the world’s poor. Meanwhile China had a massive 170,000,000 people living in poverty, accounting for 22 per cent of the world’s poor. But this accounts for only 13 per cent of its population – in a country which now has the world’s second biggest economy. It is important that the new framework is clear about the role of the international community in assisting those nations which have a disproportionate percentage of their population living in poverty, or which are affected disproportionately by global trends, such as climate change, or imbalances in finance and development. Account needs to be taken of the different needs of different parts of the world. From our Pacific partners came the view that the background, resources and cultures of the Pacific were different from other developing nations, and they should not be included in a one-size-fits-all developing countries category.
Big multinational enterprises should also be held to account within the framework for sustainable development: this should be one of the obligations of the developed countries where the multi nationals are based.

Peter Prove from Array
Son las 04.45 pm de Vie, Enero 11, 2013

The Ecumenical Advocacy Alliance (EAA) believes that a new framework should explicitly tie economic growth to the purpose of promoting greater and more widespread human flourishing. The rising inequality gap has to be addressed in this context. Social protection should be given special emphasis.

The full range of sustainable development concerns probably can't be captured by a focus on poverty eradication alone, especially if this is narrowly understood in income poverty terms. The integration of a human rights framework would help in this regard. We think integration of the SDG process with the post-2015 process is indicated.

Matt Simonds from Array
Son las 05.00 pm de Vie, Enero 11, 2013

Response on behalf of International Trade Union Confederation (ITUC)

Jobs and better working conditions are the most effective and sustainable way in which people, communities and countries can lift themselves out of poverty and improve their livelihoods. But this happens only when work is decent, with fair wages and underpinned by rights. Ensuring universal access to basic guarantees of social protection is a human right and a direct and efficient way of reducing inequalities as well as building resilience to environmental and economic shocks.

Full and decent employment as well as social protection should be at the heart of the new development framework with specific goals set for both areas. Inspiration for the policy language as well as specific targets, indicators and monitoring of these goals could come from the ILO Decent Work Agenda (DWA), which has proven to be a useful policy approach and development tool.

The DWA is a comprehensive policy package, accompanied by practical implementation tools, including Decent Work Country Programme papers and indicators which measure its implementation. The strength of the DWA lies in its coherent and comprehensive approach to empowerment through work. It focuses on job creation through adequate policy measures and programmes, but importantly goes beyond this to identify what is needed to make the work valuable, decent and effective in improving the living standard people. It sets four strategic objectives: job creation, guaranteeing rights at work, extending social protection and promoting social dialogue. All of these pillars are interrelated and jointly contribute to empowering people through the creation of decent, productive and quality jobs that allow especially the most vulnerable groups to secure and improve their livelihoods and take a fuller part in the life of the society.

Transition to a more environmentally sustainable economy is a must and should be a cross-cutting approach in the new framework, accompanied by specific goals on climate action. The goal on decent employment should include targets on green jobs creation and transition to green jobs.

You can read more about the ITUC perspective in the ITUC Briefing Paper on the Post-2015 Development Agenda: http://www.ituc-csi.org/ituc-briefing-paper-on-the-post.html

For more details about the ITUC perspective on decent work in the new agenda, please see--http://www.ituc-csi.org/decent-work-in-the-post-2015.html

Anonymous from Array
Son las 04.36 pm de Vie, Enero 11, 2013

An overall focus on poverty eradication is not sufficient to capture the full range of sustainable development issues that need to be addressed in the next international development framework. It is also not sufficient in order to reach people who are among the most marginalised such as people with disabilities. For instance, using percentages of populations as targets and halving the proportion of people whose income is less than $1 a day, can lead to a rush to the "easiest to reach” instead of a focus on those who need support the most. It can mean social, political, religious, ethnic and other forms of discrimination remain intact – even be strengthened - while achieving and reporting progress (D. Haslam, 2012 “Inequalities of progress”). Social protection can play a fundamental role in addressing the dimensions of economic growth, equity, social equality and environmental sustainability. Universally accepted policies such as the Social Protection Floor (ILO, 2011) aim to transfer resources and build the productive capacity of individuals, more specifically with the poorest and the most marginalised. The concept of the Social Protection Floor rests on the idea that each individual should enjoy at least basic income security sufficient to live, guaranteed through transfers in cash or in kind, such as pensions for the elderly and people with disabilities, child benefits, income support benefits and/or employment guarantees and services for the unemployed and working poor. Sustainable and equitable development policy using the social protection floor should ensure that everyone, under the new framework, has access to essential goods and services, including essential health services, primary education, food, housing, water and sanitation.

Saferworld from Array
Son las 04.27 pm de Vie, Enero 11, 2013

Since the MDGs were drafted, development has become more attainable for those living in countries with better governance and less conflict, but an impossible dream for most of those who do not. There has been advancement on how to address this unequal progress in contexts affected by violence and conflict. The World Development Report 2011 and the New Deal for Engagement in Fragile States have emphasised that progress on security, justice, and inclusive, responsive, accountable and fair state-society relations are at the heart of development in conflict and violence-affected contexts.

A recent Saferworld paper http://www.saferworld.org.uk/resources/view-resource/708 picked out 4 critical lessons from assessments of past peacebuilding experience. Responding to these could help identify ways for the new framework to better engage with the challenge of conflict and violence:
•We remain more reactive than proactive – the framework is a rare chance to change the emphasis to upstream prevention of conflict and violence
•We remain incoherent – the framework is a chance to make a decisive move towards coherence between actors and sectors and between local, national and global solutions.
•What brings peace to most countries can bring conflict to some – alongside setting robust long-term targets in the right areas, the framework should allow for context-specific priority setting and sequencing.
•We are ignoring the politics of development – the new framework needs to set targets that affirm the centrality of inclusive, fair, responsive and accountable state-society relations.

Whether an overall focus on poverty eradication is sufficiently broad to capture the range of sustainable development issues depends on how poverty is defined. If tackling poverty implies a focus on income alone, this would in any case require progress in building peace and reducing violence to succeed. The same is true if poverty is defined in relation to the existing MDGs, as figures on progress in conflict-affected and fragile states have shown. However, there is strong evidence that poor people consider peace, security and justice to be human goods in themselves that need to be incorporated in the redefinition of human development alongside other important concepts. Recognised by the report of the UN Task Team in June 2012, an overall focus on human progress/development that includes a commitment to promote peace and reduce violence is needed. (see A4)

Anonymous from Array
Son las 04.12 pm de Vie, Enero 11, 2013

On Economic Growth, CARE recommends that the post-2015 framework:
• Encourage the transition of the global economy towards a sustainable model less dependent on fossil fuels, high carbon emissions and wasteful consumption.
• Facilitate the establishment of new partnerships between non-governmental organisations (NGOs), the private sector and governments to harness current levels of economic growth in a manner that is inclusive and sustainable.
• Build on the UN’ “Business Call to Action”, and consider how to encourage businesses operating in developing countries to adapt ‘inclusive and sustainable models’, that expand access to goods, services and dignified livelihood opportunities for low-income communities.
• Place particular emphasis on two key sectors: i) increasing poor women’s access to financial services and ii) increasing women’s share of agricultural value chains.

As Gender Inequality is a key driver of poverty, CARE recommends that the post-2015 framework:
• Have the achievement of gender equality and women’s empowerment as a central goal/pillar, as well as ensure that gender factors are made visible or mainstreamed within other development goals e.g. through gender-related indicators and targets across all development domains.
• Adopt a rights-based and transformative approach to capture and measure the many key dimensions of gender disadvantage. A focus on gender-based violence is particularly critical.
On Environmental Sustainability, CARE recommends to:
• Consider it as the underpinning basis of the post-2015 framework, with development that is equitable and operates within the Earth’s limits. There is a need to reaffirmation that addressing climate change is key to sustainable development and to achieving a safe and just world.
• Signal a rapid transition based on equity and resilience for all countries to move from unsustainable growth to sustainable development. Progress towards more inclusive and equitable green economies should prioritize good governance, equity and the rights.
• Prioritize the need to ensure a rapid transition to a low-carbon world and build resilience, recognising that climate change and environmental degradation threatens to undermine all other areas of development gain.
• Prioritize disaster risk reduction by strengthening livelihoods, reducing vulnerability and creating resilience as a fundamental basis for poverty reduction.

Anonymous from Array
Son las 04.02 pm de Vie, Enero 11, 2013

Any future development framework must adhere to the three principles outlined in ‘Realizing the Future We Want for All’: human rights, equality and sustainability.

Human rights principles endeavour to achieve such important goals as equality and non-discrimination as well as rights to health, economic wellbeing or civil and political participation. This is to be undergirded by accountability, empowerment and the rule of law. The principles of equality and equity need to be embedded in the new development framework as central themes. Reducing inequalities between women and men, different ethnic groups, people of different ages, sexual orientation or physical and mental ability and in economic terms, promises to enhance the wellbeing of societies and individuals. These principles also resonate with the international community’s commitment to sustainable development which is comprised of the three dimensions of economic development, care for the environment and social wellbeing. It is essential that any right to economic development be balanced by the earth’s environmental carrying capacity as well as the equitable distribution of the benefits of economic activity.
One consequence of conceptualising health as determined by a multitude of factors and as a cross-cutting policy issue is that holism or sectoral integration becomes a fundamental operational principle for the design of the post-2015 framework so that synergies between different interventions may be used for greatest impact. The Lancet and London International Development Centre Commission’s suggestion to locate well-being within the triangle of “human development (change in their individual human conditions and resources), social development (change in their social relations and resources), and environmental development (change in their access to and relations with natural and environmental resources)” is a helpful, higher level guide to ensure that the post-2015 development framework recognises the interdependence of different dimensions of development.

Anonymous from Array
Son las 03.36 pm de Vie, Enero 11, 2013

Overall the post-2015 framework, as well as having specific targets and goals, must set out an ambitious vision for a more equal and sustainable world, and the type of development we want to see. It must be based on brave choices about the changes required to turn this vision into reality.

Growth must not be seen as an end in itself - particularly in countries which are already “developed” - because we know that the earth cannot sustain our current patterns of consumption. The global community needs to be bold and use this opportunity to turn a new direction in development and to ensure that the world’s resources are used in a fairer and more sustainable way. As a world we have enough - we need to use this process to work out how to share it more evenly, which means that equity is a crucial part of the answer to the sustainability question.

The new framework must not ignore the fact that some key MDG targets have not been met, but needs to go beyond simply a poverty reduction framework to address key underlying structural issues of inequality, environmental sustainability and economic growth. The only kind of growth that our planet can now sustain is fair green growth and therefore, themes of economic growth, equality and the environment must be linked to ensure that the post-2015 framework is coherent and logical.

An ambitious vision for post-2015 cannot be achieved by taking a technocratic approach to poverty but must tackle inequalities in access and opportunities. Reducing poverty and hunger, improving education and health and access to safe water, and applying environmentally-friendly policies can all take place yet inequality grows.

An explicit aim of the new framework should be a more equal use of the world’s resources, with “fair-shares” worked out for key areas like carbon emissions, and national level targets set to bring use of key resources in line with these “fair share” targets. A system of global goals and national targets could work for this approach as detailed in our response to question 7. Fundamentally, progress must be consistent across the goals otherwise any efforts will be reduced; great strides made in economic growth are undermined if unsustainable consumption patterns emerge and disparities within a population widen.

Anonymous from Array
Son las 04.16 pm de Vie, Enero 11, 2013

Sorry the above comment was posted by Tearfund, accidentally put as Anonymous - oops!

Astrid Thomassen from Array
Son las 03.03 pm de Vie, Enero 11, 2013

Focusing solemnly on poverty does not address inequality. It is important that the framework is based on the Human Rights principle such as universality and equality. Sustainable development has to address governance. Redistribution of wealth both within a country and from north to south must be addressed. Trade unions must be included in a more strongly way than they are to day. Education is fundamental for all sustainable development.

Anonymous from Array
Son las 02.55 pm de Vie, Enero 11, 2013

The Campaign for People’s Goals for Sustainable Development is a global campaign of grassroots organizations, labor unions, social movements and non-governmental organizations and other institutions committed to promoting new pathways to the future we want.

Human rights should be the core principle underpinning the new development framework. Development is interdependent on the achievement of human rights and people must be able to enjoy the full range of their civil, political, social, economic and cultural rights. Sustainable economic development, equity, social equality and environmental sustainability are interrelated dimensions of sustainable development. They can only be achieved through a human rights based approach guaranteed and protected through principles of people’s participation, accountability, non-discrimination and empowerment.

A general focus on poverty eradication will not be sufficiently broad to capture the range of sustainable development issues to achieve this aspirational objective. Truly sustainable development requires that we acknowledge the current economic models are not working and we need to instead adopt a new framework which will address social justice and environmental sustainability with determined emphasis on economic redistribution. Sustainable development entails more than poverty eradication as it requires environmentally and socially sustainable systems which address the currently unsustainable modes of consumption and production. There is a need to acknowledge the root causes of poverty - power relations, unsustainable economic growth models in the Post-2015 development agenda. Thus the overarching objectives must be for social equity and poverty eradication through sustainable and equitable production and consumption. The overarching objectives must cover the three dimensions of sustainable development: social and economic and environmental pillars.

Anonymous from Array
Son las 02.21 pm de Vie, Enero 11, 2013

The overarching framework should be people centered and grounded in human rights tackling the root causes of poverty rather than its consequences. A focus on poverty eradication alone is not sufficient. Development goals have been amply articulated in diverse human rights instruments; what has been missing is real progress toward their realization. A human rights approach means that human rights would serve as an ethical lens through which economic and other policy is judged. While some universal targets and indicators are important, it is crucial that people at national levels be able to define their own indicators of what economic and social well-being and sustainability look like, so that these can be benchmarks against which progress is measured.
Moving beyond poverty eradication requires going beyond the economic growth development paradigm and thinking of a development agenda that links the well-being of people with well-being of the planet. This implies rethinking models of consumption and production to foster gender, social and environmental justice. We have to go beyond an extractivist model and look for a model that allows peoples ownership and empowerment. For this, we can draw from some of the values that underpin non-market based economies such as reciprocity, collectivity, solidarity, and harmony with nature.
Some of the experiences that we can learn from include the “living well” paradigm (Buen Vivir as known in Spanish) in the Ecuador and Bolivian context, grounded in an Andean indigenous worldview that focuses on the collective (rather than individual) achievement of a balanced life, in harmony with other human beings, living entities, and nature.
Another example is food sovereignty that challenges corporate driven agribusiness, a key component of the mainstream development model. It is grounded on the rights of people to decide their own food and agriculture systems to enjoy healthy and culturally appropriate food produced through ecologically sound and sustainable methods.
Furthermore, the ideas from the “Degrowth” Movement offers a radical reframing of growth toward sustainable alternatives, for example organic agriculture, renewable energy, or sustainable transport. A “degrowth” or reduction in unsustainable portions of the economy (for example, the use of fossil fuels, nuclear power, air transport, cars etc.) is sought.

Anonymous from Array
Son las 01.57 pm de Vie, Enero 11, 2013

The TUC favours a strategy based on Just Transition to a low carbon economy in order to reconcile the conflict and contradictions between the consequences of rapid economic growth, environmental degradation and growing inequalities in income and wealth. There should be extensive consultations between representatives from trade unions, business, government and voluntary organisations on the gradual shift to a green, low carbon economy. It is necessary to boost investment in the technologies including in renewable energy sources and infrastructure to meet the sustainability challenges for a low carbon, resources-efficient methods of production that create quality jobs. Moreover, governments and other agencies need to increase investments in education/training and skills programmes, from the workplace to national levels, to equip students and workers with the skills for a low carbon, resource-efficient economy. Furthermore, democratic decision-making and respect for human and labour rights are essential in order to ensure the fair representation of workers' rights and communities' interests while a strong and efficient social protection system should be an integral part of the transmission to a low carbon economy. Just transmission should underpin implementation of the new framework, paving the way for the transformation of livelihoods and the lessening of vulnerability to the consequences of environmental degradation.
Overall focus on poverty eradication in the short-term will not necessarily address the sustainability challenges arising from rapid economic growth. Therefore, the adoption of environment-friendly production technologies, the development of skills should be given priority in the new framework.

Anonymous from Array
Son las 01.34 pm de Vie, Enero 11, 2013

Il faut mettre en relation les SDG avec (si possible un ou) des indicateurs représentatifs comme souligné dans le rapport "New UN report highlights value of indicators for transitioning to green economy " (http://theadvisors.com/node/16133).

Ce ou ces indicateurs garantiront que nous "marchons dans la bonne direction".

Si la réduction de la pauvreté est certainement un bon indicateur, la santé en est un autre.
Et un indicateur mesurant le fossé entre les (plus) pauvres et les (plus) riches sera lui aussi garant d'une société équitable.

D'autres indicateurs plus "techniques" comme la mesure de l'efficience des secteurs énergétiques, la dépendance vis-à-vis de matières premières et la préservation de la biodiversité pourront venir compléter ces indicateurs en permettant aux politiques de prendre des mesures macro-économiques définissant des conditions cadres permettant aux entreprises e se positionner sur le long terme de façon concurrentielle.

Une étude dans ce sens sera disponible sur notre site dans les mois qui viennent.

Anonymous from Array
Son las 01.07 pm de Vie, Enero 11, 2013

Le nouveau cadre ne pourra se concentrer uniquement sur l'éradication de la pauvreté, comme ce fut essentiellement le cas dans les stratégies ces dernières années. Si la lutte contre la pauvreté doit rester un élément important, une prise en charge des symptômes, la lutte contre les causes profondes des inégalités et de la pauvreté est la priorité. en cela les trois principes fondamentaux à suivre sont:
- l'approche basée sur la défense des droits humains
- la lutte contre les inégalités
- la formulation et l'adoption de modes de production et de consommation durable

Les dimensions dans lesquelles doivent se décliner ce nouveau partenariat devront aborder au moins 4 champs (et plus uniquement viser la croissance économique comme première étape/condition au développement):
- le développement social inclusif
- la durabilité écologique
- le développement économique inclusif
- la paix et la sécurité humaine

Anonymous from Array
Son las 01.03 pm de Vie, Enero 11, 2013

This is a massive question, but I think the key issue is a focus on human rights, especially if these can be slightly expanded to include the rights of future generations to a healthy environment. Embedded within the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) and the International Convention on Economic Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR) is the idea that economic systems must serve the needs of the people to live lives of dignity, free from hunger, discrimination, and poverty of all kinds. So the focus should not be on poverty eradication; it should be on human rights. Eradicating poverty is a key component of the focus on human rights. But the ultimate way to guarantee the right to live a life of dignity is to focus on an equitable and rights-based national development. One key component of that shift (away from poverty reduction and towards development) is to ensure that the rich (especially domestic and international corporations) pay their fair share of tax. At the moment, many tax regimes in Africa and Asia are highly regressive – forcing the poor to pay more through mechanisms like VAT and allowing rich companies to contribute little through various incentive schemes. These practices must end; progressive taxation should be a core part of financing a development strategy.

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